Knights bounce back to earn split at Concordia

Carleton Sports - Sat, 04/27/2019 - 10:59pm

The Carleton College baseball team dropped the opener of its twinbill at Concordia College by a 9-1 tally, but the Knights responded with a sharp pitching effort from sophomore Blake Anderson to take game two by a 3-1 score.

Categories: Colleges

Knights close record-breaking season with split at Hamline

Carleton Sports - Sat, 04/27/2019 - 10:07pm

The Carleton College softball closed out 2019 season by splitting a doubleheader at Hamline University. The Knights finished the year with a 24-15 overall record, the most victories in program history.

Categories: Colleges

No. 27 Knights secure outright MIAC crown

Carleton Sports - Sat, 04/27/2019 - 9:31pm

Nearly 24 hours after clinching at least a share of the conference crown, the Carleton College women’s tennis team won the MIAC regular-season title outright thanks to a 7-2 triumph over a regionally-ranked University of St. Thomas squad.

Categories: Colleges

GALLERY: Northfield Earth Day activities promote climate solutions, eco-friendly living

Northfield News - Sat, 04/27/2019 - 5:30pm
Saturday morning snow gave way to a hint of sun and warmth just in time for Northfield’s Earth Day celebrations.
Categories: Local News

C-HC transmission — a little Direct testimony!

Carol Overland - Legalectric - Fri, 04/26/2019 - 10:23pm
Map from the Cardinal-Hickory Creek project page

The Cardinal-Hickory Creek transmission project docket is slogging forward at the Wisconsin Public Service Commission. Today, Direct testimony of intervenors was due, and there was a LOT of it.

To view the docket filings, go HERE and at “Case #” plug in docket “05-CE-146” and search.

Here are some of the more interesting filings:

Direct-DALC-WellinghoffDownload Direct-PSC-VedvikDownload Direct-PSC-RohankarDownload Direct-SOUL-PowersDownload

Yes, “Wellinghoff” is THAT Wellinghoff, Jon Wellinghoff, former Chair of FERC. It’s amazing what one can do if there’s money to spend.

Check out the PSC testimony — the short of it is that the applicant’s haven’t proven up their case. I’ve not read Powers yet, but he’s probably saying the same thing.

We’re focused on the individual hardships if it were to go on this land:

Direct Testimony_JewellDownload Ex.-JJI-Jewell-1_ResumeDownload Ex.-JJI-Jewell-2_Attachment 1 to Jewell Jinkins Request No. 1_mapsDownload Ex.-JJI-Jewell-3_BloomfieldFarmsDownload

Lots and lots of reading to do, there’s some great testimony in here.

Categories: Citizens

Students leave Olaf due to culture of failure

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 9:11am

When it comes to St. Olaf’s retention rate, an article written by Sam Carlen ’20 for the Manitou Messenger reads, “Half of unretained students transfer to another school.” Shortly after this declaration, this statistic becomes the centerpiece of Carlen’s article: students are transferring and this is the main problem. I quickly realized, however, that this number means half of unretained students do not transfer; instead, these students choose to leave higher education all together. Why?

Though I do believe some come to realize, be it due to financial strain or vocational opportunity, that an undergraduate degree doesn’t seem in their best interest, I currently know several students at St. Olaf who walk a thin line when it comes to their return in the fall. These are the students who struggle.

An observation I’ve made is that different highschools have different education styles and resources at their disposal. May students, myself included, come from less demanding high schools than others do.

“We need to change our school’s culture around failure. If we do that, successful, enthusiastic students will come and stay.” Alexia Nizhny ’21

For example, I graduated from an underfunded public school in New York City. For context, it was the kind of school where you got an “A” just for showing up to class. Those of my friends back home who’ve found themselves in college – which isn’t very many – tell me they’ve found themselves in the same boat as some of my friends at St. Olaf: their grades are falling short.

If they haven’t been prepared for higher education, how can they be expected to succeed in higher education? I understand St. Olaf has resources to provide guidance to struggling students, but issues like these cannot be resolved in a couple of advisory sessions. The administration needs to support students in failure, rather make them fear it.

During my first semester here, I found myself close to academic probation. I had failed my first-year religion class and almost received the threatening email about academic suspension that many of my friends did. When I found out I had avoided it, I felt like I could finally exhale. My homework was done with enthusiasm for the material, rather than fear of not returning to campus. Without this looming threat, I saw myself taking risks in assignments and projects. I was also better able to balance my social life and my hobbies. Isn’t that what we want for St. Olaf students?

Giving up is easy, and I can’t fault my friends for wanting to. Failure coupled with fear is a rabbit hole. They don’t pick themselves up because they believe they’ve fallen too far. We need to change our school’s culture around failure. If we do  that, successful, enthusiastic students will come and stay. Education should be driven by passion, not panic, and we need to give these students a chance to finally exhale.

Alexia Nizhny ’22 ( is from New York, N.Y. Her major is undecided.

Categories: Colleges

“Oles can, but Oles might not.”

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 9:10am

Last week, in my Children’s and Young Adult’s Literature class, my professor broke our class up into small groups and asked us to identify and discuss a monster that was active at St. Olaf College. She then wanted us to illustrate this monster and describe it to the class. Monsters with names including phrases such as “perfectionism,” “excessively committed” and “overachiever” presented themselves. One particular monster that stood out to me was a figure climbing a ladder, leading all the way to the sky. His face was an expression of unhappiness. Etched on the side of the ladder was the phrase: “Oles Can. Oles Will.”

Thia monster drew a roar of laughter from the class. This event demonstrated how St. Olaf students feel about the statement plastered on the St. Olaf College website and social media platforms. As a reminder to students, this marketing phrase pops up every time one attempts to open a web browser on any campus computer. 

Behind the “Oles Can. Oles Will” marketing campaign is a list of accomplishments that St. Olaf students have earned as a collective group on the Hill. As President David Anderson ’74 noted in the 2018 graduation ceremony, the graduating class included 12 triple-majors and 215 double-majors with an average 3.42 GPA.

Truly, St. Olaf students have an impressive list of accomplishments, but the pressure created by such an expectation to add to that list can be overwhelming for certain people. I once heard a student complain about how he felt inadequate for not being a double major. Personally, I feel myself obsessing over squeezing in an extra concentration or major and applying to study abroad programs because I feel I must.

  Sadly, St. Olaf is not the only institution pushing its students to work harder and achieve more. Phrases like “Ambition Can’t Wait,” “Unspeakable Greatness” or “Gifted Leaders” are used by universities across the nation and are not too different from our own motto. Many higher education institutions create an invisible pressure on its students to strive for success. It is unfortunate such inspiring slogans can have negative effects on students’ mental and physical health. More and more college students become sleep-deprived, anxious and depressed from attempting to fulfill the success these mottos imply.

Skye Nguyen ’21 ( is from Hanoi, Vietnam. She majors in English.

Categories: Colleges

St. Olaf should give students time off for Easter weekend

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 9:09am

Every year, my family gets together to celebrate Easter. We would all go to the Easter Vigil Mass the night before Easter. The church would be decorated with hundreds of flowers, and every pew was filled with family and friends. The Mass would start in darkness, soon to fill with the light of hundreds of little flames from the candles everyone held. The next day we would get together and celebrate as a family, sharing delicious food and stuffing our faces with chocolate eggs. This year, however, was very different from my normal familial Easter celebration. I was unable to go home because there was no Easter break. The only people able to leave were those who live close to campus. Living more than a thousand miles away, and with no direct flights to my home, I was unable to celebrate Easter with my family.

This weekend was labeled as Easter Observance in the academic calendar, but there was no difference between this weekend and any other regular weekend at St. Olaf. It was an ordinary weekend with the normal large quantities of homework and little time to actually spend observing Easter. As a Lutheran institution, I thought St. Olaf would have more of an Easter break so students would be able to return home and spend the holiday with their families. But this year, unlike years past, there was no break.

In the 2016-17 academic year, students were given Good Friday as well as the Monday after Easter off. This allowed more students to go home and be with their families. In the 2017-18 academic year, spring break and Easter break were combined, with students getting the Monday after Easter off in order to travel back to campus. This year was surprisingly different, with no break at all.

I believe that St. Olaf should give Good Friday and Easter Monday off so as  to enable students to spend this important holiday with their families. It would also give students who don’t celebrate Easter a much-needed break from their studies. Although St. Olaf is a Christian institution, not all students are Christian. Beyond allowing us to have Easter break off from school, I believe St. Olaf should be more religiously inclusive with their breaks and give those who practice other religions the chance to observe holidays with their families.

Adriana Sanchez ’22 ( is from Santa Fe, N.M. Her major is undecided.

Categories: Colleges

Support the Pride 2019 raises $154,000 for athletics

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 9:01am

The three day fundraiser for St. Olaf sports programs, held on April 2-4, greatly exceeded expectations, gathering 835 financial donations totaling more than $154,000. Starting with a goal of 500 donations for 500+ student-athletes, this online giving campaign asked for gifts from alumni, students, parents and faculty  to benefit St. Olaf’s student-athletes and their teams.

Student-athletes and coaches have posted creative videos explaining their teams’ successes and experiences in asking for donors to support their programs.

Whether it was videos of the Tennis team in Florida, the Football team on their newly renovated Klien Field or the Hockey team in its brand new ice arena, these athletes had fun creating videos showing their Ole pride.

Seen all over St. Olaf social media, the videos turned out to be a great success in soliciting donations for their respective sports.

These generous donations towards St. Olaf College’s varsity athletic teams will be put to use in renovating facilities, updating equipment and locker rooms, buying new uniforms and allowing teams to travel around the country in and out of season to compete.

Volleyball player Abigail Wiedel ’20 spoke to the team’s plans this upcoming fall.

“We are looking to travel to California next fall to start the season and would love your support,” Wiedel said. “Any donations would really help support St. Olaf Volleyball.”

St. Olaf Football led the fundraiser with 149 donations, totaling $39,701. Keaton Aronson ’20 and Max Karpinske ’20 expressed how donations would be used to help the team.

“There is still a lot of room for growth for St. Olaf’s football program,” Aronson said.

“Your donations have led to improvements allowing excellent student-athletes to attend a great school and have helped bring St. Olaf football back to a level of excellence that has been achieved in the past,” Karpinske said.

The men and women’s soccer teams have benefited from a number of donations as well, as last year’s fundraiser helped fund the plan to bring artificial turf on the Rolf Mellby Field.

Thanks to the gracious alumni and families, St. Olaf now has a high-performance athletic surface that club teams and intramural sports can use as well.

The softball and baseball teams combined for $12,431. These donations will go to new equipment such as balls, bats, helmets etc. On top of new equipment, this money will help finance the team as they travel to warmer weather, where they safely started their spring seasons while waiting for the snow to melt on the Hill.

Categories: Colleges

Softball’s success reflects empowering atmosphere

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 9:00am

Currently third in the MIAC conference with 23 wins, 11 losses and six conference games to go until playoffs, the softball team practices and plays on a foundation of positivity, empowerment and fun.  Three years into being head coach at St. Olaf, Kayla Hatting stresses the importance of not only being a good player but a good person. Coaching on the philosophy of empowerment and being a good person on and off the field, Hatting has created a team environment that reflects the team’s success.

“We’re a pretty loose, sarcastic, funny team. We like to laugh, we like to joke around with each other and that’s when we play our best,” Hatting said.

As the softball team approaches the end of the regular season and hopefully the postseason, keeping the atmosphere light but intense seems to be the balance they have perfected. Despite the four 5:15 a.m. workouts each week, the team keeps motivated through each other.

“We work really, really hard. We’re just so excited to get better and to be together,” Pitcher and Outfielder Carly Dammann ’19 said. “The will to win and the love of the game keeps us going, the hype on the bench and in the dugout is unreal, it’s so fun. And if something happens we always bounce back and we bounce back together.”

Hatting and Assistant Coach Shae Hoskins coordinate practices ahead of time to prepare for the next game while trying to stay fresh. They attempt to simulate as much of the game as possible while working individually on the things they need to improve.

As they prepare for games, the coaching staff scouts the opposing team to anticipate the type of pitches and hits the team will see come gameday. However intense a practice may be, the coaching staff aims to create an environment where student athletes can destress.

“I try to keep on the schedule as much as possible knowing they have stressful lives,” Hatting said. “My goal is to have practice be a destressor. Drop everything off at the gates and destress.”

For the first time in Hatting’s time at St. Olaf, there is senior athletes on the team. With many upperclassmen and eight first-years, the team dynamic has become inseparable.

“I love it. It’s like a family here. It is just like your family is right here on campus with you. I’m not sure where I would be without them,” Outfielder Tarah DeCroock said. “The upperclassmen are so supportive and encouraging and bring a lot of confidence to the team.”

As the seniors close out their final season, Hatting hopes to have accomplished her main goal of empowering them.

“My biggest job and goal is to be a positive role model and to empower them. I want to teach them that you can be a strong woman in this world, wherever it is,” Hatting said. “I want them to be great, powerful young women out in the real world.”

The team currently sits at third in the conference standings behind St. Thomas and St. Kate’s.

The team looks to continue their sucess in order to make a run at the conference regular season title against Carleton before finishing up conference play April 27 against St. Ben’s. The next day they finish their regular season with a doubleheader against UW-Stout.

The MIAC softball playoffs will be held May 3-5.

Categories: Colleges

Student-Athlete Spotlight: Liam Getzloff ’19

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 8:58am

Q: What are your thoughts on the outdoor track & field season thus far?

A: Looking at the team as a concerted unit, there have been many laudable performances so far this season and there is still plenty of untapped potential that should yield favorable results for the rapidly approaching conference meet. Personally, my season is on standby as I’m in the middle of dealing with a stress-induced injury in my shin. Thus, I’ve been relegated to the hamster wheel that is the indoor bicycle for the time being.    

Q: How is the outdoor track season different from the cross country and indoor seasons?

A: In short, cross country is exceedingly team-oriented whereas track is more individualistic. Track is the most pared-down version of running as times become the singular focus and your past results become your most formidable opponents until the conference meet.   

Q: How do you and your team deal with the sporadic and unaccommodating nature of Minnesota’s winters?

A: Layers. The quality of footing is the biggest issue when it comes to the inhospitable conditions of the Minnesota winters. Thus, we transfer our training routes to the well-maintained roads and sidewalks of Northfield. If the weather truly isn’t permitting, we flock to Skoglund’s upstairs track for a mind-numbing number of laps.

Q: Do you have any “pre meet” rituals before you run?

A: Personally, no. My superstition only extends to the order in which I tie my shoes. However, during the cross country season, we have a team ritual that takes place before our mid-October race in La Crosse, WI. We chant: “from the heavens, from the heavens, to the ground, to the ground.” For this reason, it is not suprising that many St. Olaf students think we are a cult.

Q: What is it like going to school with and running alongside your younger brother?

A: Going to school and running with my younger brother, Alec, has been a harmonious affair. People often poke fun at us for our propensity to act as a singular mind, which I take as a testament to our intimacy. In the realm of running we encourage each other with a refreshingly blunt honesty that drives us both to perform a little better. 

Q: What are your plans after graduating from the Hill?

A: My current plan is to work a seasonal summer position at a golf course in McCall, Idaho, with a handful of teammates. Having no desire to launch directly into the business factory, I’ll take this summer as an interim to enjoy myself, my friends, and to iron out what to do with a liberal arts degree in Biology and English.

Q: What is your favorite meal in the caf?

A: Chicken / rice / spring mix salad / tomatoes / feta / oil and balsamic.

Categories: Colleges

The experience of a senior music recital

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 8:57am

In colleges across the country, spring is the season for finals, internship applications and job interviews. At St. Olaf, as a prominent music college, spring is also the time for senior music recitals.

Senior recitals are a staple for music students in colleges all over the United States and are not specific to the St. Olaf music experience. At St. Olaf, senior recitals are required for students pursuing a Bachelor of Music (BM) degree, but optional for Bachelor of Arts (BA) music students.

The recitals vary depending on the emphasis of an individual student’s major. Because of this, Urness Recital Hall or Studio A, the two most popular locations for senior recitals at St. Olaf, may host a clarinet performance recital, composition recital, voice recital and string recital on the same night.

Garrett Bond ’19 will be graduating with a Bachelor of Music in Music Theory and Composition. He has been preparing for his senior recital for over four years, creating works such as a 35-minute requiem, a piano piece paired with a spoken word work written and performed by Paulo Gladney ’19 and a piece for solo clarinet. As a composition major, his recital was different in that once it began, the fate of the recital was completely out of his control. “In my case, being a composition recital, a lot of my nervousness is put onto the other performers in my recital. They are responsible for presenting my work, once they begin  it is out of my hands,” Bond said. “Of course, this also stresses me out a great deal because I do not have control over what happens. If something goes wrong in performance, there is nothing I can do to stop it.”

Despite this, Bond loved his recital. He found it to be a challenge with coordinating schedules with over 30 musicians, finding rehearsals spaces and doing prep work all while being a full-time student, but enjoyed showing the people in his life his original work in a formal setting.

From an audience perspective, composition recitals are incredibly interesting to attend, as it is an amazing experience to hear the work of fellow students. In Bond’s case, I left feeling as though I had attended a professional composition recital, his works left me speechless in several situations.

Greta Ramsey ’19, a BA music and English major with a women’s and gender studies concentration, also enjoyed and learned from her senior recital experience, although it was slightly different as she is a vocalist.

“Whether performer or composer, senior recitals are a useful experience for music students at St. Olaf.” – Katie Anderson ’20

For Ramsey, a senior recital isn’t required as a BA music major, but it seemed like a natural culmination for her St. Olaf experience, giving her the opportunity to show the performance skills she has enhanced over the last four years.

“I ultimately did my recital for myself. I find a lot of joy in performing and being able to perform my recital with my parents and friends in the audience was a priceless experience,” Ramsey said.

It also taught Ramsey more about a future in performance. “I think my recital helped prepare me for a future in music because I learned how to program and prepare for a recital, collaborate more effectively with other musicians and perform as a soloist for nearly 45 minutes straight,” Ramsey said.

Ramsey performed a variety of songs, from a set of songs in Norwegian to a Disney princess set, both of which were wonderfully performed and made for an entertaining and successful senior recital.

Her voice floated through her songs and she transitioned from song to song flawlessly, despite changes in elements such as emotion and speed.

Whether performer or composer, senior recitals are a useful experience for music students at St. Olaf. It gives students the opportunity to perform for their family and friends and show off their impressive musical accomplishments from St. Olaf.

Categories: Colleges

SARN hosts spotlight dance emphasizing fun and safety

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 8:56am

A welcome change from the classic Pause dances, the St. Olaf Sexual Assault Resource Network (SARN) held a Stoplight Dance in the Art Barn on Friday, April 19. The dance occured from 9 p.m.-12 a.m., providing a fun alternative to traditional weekend activities. This dance focused on inclusivity and facilitating attendees comfort, while also enjoying themselves. One way SARN achieved this was by offering bracelets that correlate to your relationship status. They stressed that these bracelets did not signify consent to dance with someone but were simply a fun reminder. Red signified “in a relationship or not interested,” yellow meant “it is complicated” and green meant “single.”

SARN made it clear that anyone who made other people feel unsafe  would be kicked out and that they would not tolerate any form of harassment, bigotry, racism, sexism, transphobia or homophobia. Utilizing a wonderful space, SARN made this event feel safe and welcoming to all students.

Multiple student DJs played music throughout the night, playing unique and lively sets. The DJs included Sal Alvarez ’19, Leander Krawinkel ’21, Emma DePaulo Reid ’19, Anna Moen ’19, Emma Beahler ’19 and Sophia Spiegel ’19.

The art barn was an ideal venue for this event. Colorful lights were set up making for great ambiance and everyone danced along to the different sets.

SARN advocates attended the event, greeted people and danced themselves, adding another level of comfort for attendees of the dance.

After the controversy surrounding the recent  Spring Concert, this event was a welcome safe space to have fun and dance with friends. Because of this, the dance brought in a decently large crowd throughout the night.

Along with reminding St. Olaf students that they can, and should, feel safe at all events on campus, it was a great reminder of the resources that SARN offers to survivors of sexual assault.

I think I speak for most students when I say that more events should take this dance as an example of how to make students feel safe at campus events.

All students deserve the opportunity to go out at night and feel safe in their environment.

In addition, it was a great reminder of how great of a venue the Art Barn can be for evening events. Hopefully, we will see more events hosted by SARN in the near future.

Categories: Colleges

Creative writing awards show student talent

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 8:55am

Students marched into RML 525 on Thursday, April 18, for the Creative Writing Awards. Professors from the English department arrived to the classroom with eight medium pizzas, cans upon cans of La Croix and cups and plates for all. Once everyone was settled with La Croix and pizza, Professor Sequoia Nagamatsu walked to the podium in the front of the classroom with a handful of envelopes.

Up to three finalists were listed for each award, and the whole classroom beat their desks for a drumroll as the winning envelope was ripped open and the winner announced. The categories included areas from Best Fiction Piece to Best Sentence, with each winner allowed to read excerpts from their writing.

The writing ranged from funny and light to heartfelt and poignant, but each piece had a level of emotional depth and complexity that impressed those in attendance.

For example, when the first winner was announced, sophomore Melie Ekunno ’21 read out a snippet from her fiction piece that combined motherhood with interesting historical context in her short story titled “Table for Two.”

Students participating weren’t necessarily all English majors, and the diversity of the students nominated was clear. Everyone in the room shared a passion for storytelling that gave way to a fruitful and engaging experience.

Categories: Colleges

Brentano Quartet: a night of professional music

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 8:54am

Every semester, the music department typically hosts a chamber group to run a masterclass. During the masterclass, student chamber groups have the opportunity to play for and receive feedback from the guest artists. Following the class, the quartet plays its own recital in the evening. On Monday, April 15, St. Olaf welcomed the Brentano Quartet to campus.

The quartet hails from the East Coast, and features Serena Canin and Mark Steinberg on violin, Misha Amory on viola and Nina Lee on cello. The group has been playing together since 1992 and has toured both nationally and internationally. They have also been recipients of several awards and are the Resident String Quartet at Yale School of Music.

The concert began with Beethoven’s String Quartet in A Major, Op. 18, No. 5. All four movements of the piece were played, and I was impressed at the group’s ability to keep up the high level of energy throughout. It seemed fitting that the quartet chose to open with Beethoven as they are named after Antonie Brentano, a close friend of Beethoven, whom he dedicated his “Diabelli” variations to. She is also rumoured to be the “Immortal Beloved” Beethoven wrote to in a love letter. Beethoven’s string quartet’s are arguably some of his best works, so it was exciting to see one performed live.

Following Beethoven, the quartet played Bartók’s String Quartet No. 2 Op. 17. This piece was my personal favorite of the night.

It incorporated various aspects of folk music from Bartók’s native Hungary. The last movement was particularly interesting as it was slow and solemn. I enjoyed being left with a more contemplative ending. It is also interesting to note that this piece was written in 1917 during the first World War. This piece, particularly the ending, is highly reflective of the the era it was written in. It was very cool to see history and music intersect in this work.

As a huge chamber music fan, I was excited going into this concert. Fortunately, the Brentano Quartet did not disappoint. Although the pieces played are incredible alone, the quartet’s movement and energy truly brought them to life. The concert was engaging and I thoroughly enjoyed the passion the Brentano Quartet brought to the stage.  Overall, the concert was a fun break from homework on a Monday evening. It was a great opportunity to see such a talented group without having to leave campus.

Categories: Colleges

“Game of Thrones” and the study of adaptation

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 8:53am

*Note: This is a spoiler-free article.*

Whether you watch it or not, it’s hard to deny the success of HBO’s “Game of Thrones.” It has become so successful that googling the phrase “the next Game of Thrones” will bring numerous results for which big-budget TV show will be the “Game of Thrones” successor, since, of course, “Game of Thrones” is coming to a close with the eighth season currently airing.

While I could easily use this article as a platform to discuss how I see the show ending (it’s going to be a bitter one), instead I want to focus more on what the ending of this series means for its source material and the study of adaptation.

For those unfamiliar with the series, “Game of Thrones” is based on the “A Song of Ice and Fire” series by novelist and screenwriter George R. R. Martin. The first book, “A Game of Thrones” was published in 1996, with its sequel, “A Clash of Kings” releasing two years later, followed by “A Storm of Swords” in 2000. Pay attention to the date of release, since the consistency found in Martin’s release schedule ends with the fourth book in the series.

“I want to focus more on what the ending of “Game of Thrones” represents for its source material and the study of adaptation.” – Anders Mattson ’19

According to Martin, the fourth book got so massive that his publishers forced him to split it in two, making “A Feast For Crows,” released in 2005, and “A Dance with Dragons” released in 2011. If it is not obvious already, Martin has slowed down.

While I could dwell on the many theories or reasons that Martin himself has stated for this slowdown, I don’t think it’s that important. In my view, an artist deserves all the time they need to create their masterpiece, and this series has clearly been that for Martin. With all of this in mind, Martin is at work on the sixth novel in the series, “The Winds of Winter,” with at least one more to be released after that.

This is where the television show comes into play. On May 19, 2019, the final episode of the show will air. Unlike other adaptations of this kind, the secondary work will end before the source material does. Imagine if the final “Harry Potter” movie released before the final book, think about how the lense of comparison would shift. Instead of comparing the book to the movie, we would be doing the opposite.

Of course, one could argue that the show ending will be irrelevant to the book ending since the books are nowhere near the finish line like the television show. Martin has made it clear that this is not the case.

Though he thinks the ending for some secondary characters might be different, he noted in a “60 Minutes” interview that during meetings with the showrunners he provided the major beats he sees for the series and its ending. 

“I don’t think Dan and Dave’s ending is going to be that different from my ending because of the conversations we did have,” Martin said.

For fans of literature and entertainment in general, this is a monumental moment for the nature of adaptation. Never before, in my view, has an adaptation of such high caliber finished telling the story of the source material. 

Some adaptions, like the Japanese film “Akira” released before it’s source material was finished, but that was a very different ending and the same creator worked on both. The very nature of comparison between adaptation and original work has shifted since the book conclusion will now be compared to the show ending. On this subject, Martin said in the same “60 Minutes” interview that he imagines great debate will take place amongst fans when his books end but don’t think that is a bad thing.

“The worse thing for any work of art is to be ignored,” Martin said.

I agree with this, and the longevity of this series going beyond the television show and the novels lifetime will be the immense study of adaptation that will take place at the conclusion.

Though the ending beats for some secondary characters, some that have never appeared in the show, will probably be different, this sort of ending release is unheard of and I think it will lead to a great debate on the nature of adaptation.

Though I feel it is tragic for Martin to not finish his series before the adaptation, I believe this series will live on due to the nature of its unconventional release schedule and the fame of it’s adaptation.

Categories: Colleges


Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 8:52am

The Music Entertainment Committee (MEC) held a Lizzo album release party on Friday, April 19. The event was meant as an opportunity for enthusiasts of Lizzo to gather and listen to her latest album, “Cuz I Love You”.

Lizzo, a singer-songwriter and rapper from Houston, Texas, developed her career in Minneapolis. There, she performed with local indie groups, as well as formed a female R&B/hip hop group The Chalice. Debuting with the project Lizzobangers in 2013, Lizzo started out with a raw, booming sound that combined the production of 2000s R&B and hip hop, with a defiant confidence and exuberant attitude of a queen ready to take on the whole world. With the subsequent release of the album Big GRRRL Small World, Lizzo embraced a more modern, varied production style that’s smooth and dreamy at times, and focused and upfront at others.

Many have compared her with contemporary talents such as Cupcakke, Princess Nokia and Janelle Monaé, a vanguard of strong, women overtaking the spotlight of the entertainment world.

“Cuz I Love You” pursues a grandeur pop sound, with messages of body-positivity and self-confidence delivered by Lizzo’s soaring vocals and a style that fully encapsulates the spirit of the intersectional activist culture. The single, “Soulmate,” dismisses the unnecessary and stressful standards that modernity places on people in search for love, opting instead to be an anthem of loving oneself, of becoming one’s own type and never letting our lives be dictated by the demands of others. “Tempo” saw Lizzo and Missy Elliott display their rhyme on a wonky hip-hop beat with shifty synthesizers and thick trap bass.

The highlight of the album, however, has to be “Lingerie”, a sensual R&B tune that deserves a spot in every lover’s playlist.

With the release of such a vibrant project, it is unfortunate the album release event did not draw a significant crowd, especially considering that Lizzo’s concert at St. Olaf two years ago sold out. Perhaps more could be done to bring attention to similar events in the future and for MEC to better understand the general demands of the campus.

Categories: Colleges

Heart Beat

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 8:51am

Finally, the snow is melting and spring is upon us. The end is near; seniors are counting down the days until graduation and other students have planned their classes for the fall. We are finalizing summer plans and beginning to say goodbye to friends for the summer before we scatter across the United States and world.

But as the year winds down, so does the opportunity to express one’s romantic feelings for that one person they’ve been wanting to go on a Caf date with for three years. What if that person is a senior and you have no clue where they are headed after graduation? What if they aren’t a senior, but will be doing some internship in the middle of nowhere and they don’t know you exist and you want to introduce yourself before they head off to do said cool internship?

Here’s my advice, no matter the situation: go for it. I’m a big fan of the idea of “you never know.” If they are graduating, maybe they plan on staying in the Twin Cities and you know, that’s not too far from St. Olaf. If they’re going far away, you don’t know until you ask and find out.

Could it end in rejection? Well, sure. Of course. But that’s always a risk in relationships. If you don’t go for it, you’ll probably regret it and end up stalking their Facebook and Instagram post-end of the year.

Relationships are about taking chances and going out on a limb. Without a little risk, relationships are basically impossible. Someone has to take that first step and, as much as you would rather wait and wish for them to make the first move, they are probably thinking the same thing.

I would also like to say protect your heart. If this person is going to be heading across the country in a month, be prepared for them to say they don’t want a serious long-distance relationship or that they just want a casual situation until graduation. But if you’re okay with any outcome, why avoid your chance for love?

Sure, it’s easier to start a fling or romance earlier in the year. You have more time to let it bloom if you meet in the fall or winter. But, as the famous quote reads: “There is no right time to fall in love, it just happens.” That’s exactly it, even if there are obstacles and difficulties, if there is a spark, let it happen. You’ll regret not taking that chance in a month, and then suddenly you’re waiting until September and you’ve possibly wasted three precious months. So, take that chance. Go ask your St. Olaf crush on a date. We all have access to each other’s emails, after all, if absolutely necessary as a mode of communication.

Having trouble navigating the St. Olaf dating scene? Need help finding a date? Got more dates than you can handle? Or have a response to this week’s column? E-mail your questions to and maybe one of our love columnists will answer them in next week’s issue. All submitted questions will remain anonymous.

The Music and Entertainment

Categories: Colleges

Taylor Center initiatives support LGBTQIA+ students of color

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 8:38am

Since María Pabón began her role as director of the Taylor Center for Equity and Inclusion Jan. 21, the Center has worked to implement a number of initiatives. These include the formation of a general student advisory team for the Center called Represent, which will work to address issues faced by LGBTQ students of color. The Center also created an allies program and sponsored the Diversity Awareness House, the International House and the Gender and Sexuality House.

“We want students to be at the center of everything we do, so we have created different advisory groups to inform the work that we do.” Pabón said. “We meet every other week and it is about having discussions and conversations about new programs, new initiatives, how should we go about this.” Pabón said.

Pabón selected students for both advisory teams who are members of underrepresented groups on campus and are natural leaders.

Represent, which formed in March, aims to “talk about a more intersectional view of the LGBTQ community on campus,” member of Represent Guadalupe Romero ’20 said.

“We felt like a lot of students still didn’t really feel like they had a position on campus, specifically students of color,” Romero said. “We decided to try to be a voice for those students and create a space for them in the Taylor Center.”

Represent is planning to become an official student organization in the near future, Romero said.

The new allies program, which will begin next academic year, will include a comprehensive training program for St. Olaf community members of privileged identities to learn how to make positive change on campus for marginalized members of the St. Olaf community. The program will push trainees to consider their identity and its implications in terms of race, gender, sexual identity, income and other categories.

“We all have a responsibility to be a part of the change and not wait for someone else to do it for us.” – María Pabón

“We all have a responsibility to be a part of the change and not wait for someone else to do it for us,” Pabón said. “The hope is to provide more intentional training, so if you’re in this bucket, then this is the route that you should take.”

The Taylor Center became the sponsor of the Diversity Awareness House, the International House and the Gender and Sexuality House in part because it removes the burden of logistical work from students interested in living in them, Pabón said.

“Normally when students apply to honor houses they have to be responsible for recruiting people to be there, also to do fundraising to put programming out there,” Pabón said. “Our houses don’t have to do that, we’ll be in charge of interviewing students and we’ll make sure they [the houses] will always be present.”

The houses will also give students the opportunity to “put that passion that they have for equity and inclusion into programming that reaches the broader audience” and “look at the intersectionalities between race, nationality, gender and sexual identity,” Pabón said.

Pabón wants to implement a more comprehensive first-year program for international students.

“A lot of the work right now focuses on Week Zero and continuing orientation and everything that we do in between has to do with immigration,” Pabón said. “We should keep doing that, but also add to improve student experience that is beyond your immigration status.”

Pabón also wants to develop a support program for first-year students of color. This program will collaborate with the Academic Support Center, TRIO McNair and the Piper Center. Following its implementation, first-year students of color will be mentored by upperclass students of color called Multicultural Ambassadors, Pabón said.

The Taylor Center will host an open house May 3 to discuss its goals. It will feature performances, collaborations between faculty and students and food, Pabón said.

Dea Brown ’21, a member of the general advisory group, said the wide scope of the Taylor Center’s work is a new challenge the advisory group is dealing with. Before the center was renamed, it was known as the Center for Multicultural and International Engagement (CMIE) and did not work to address issues faced by members of the LGBTQ community.

“Since we’re combining the gender and sexuality office and CMIE into one area, where do we have the space for everyone?” Brown said.

Although the wider scope is a challenge, it is a positive one due to the new intersectional approach, Pabón said.

“I don’t like to see it as a drawback, I see it as a positive because students are starting to have the conversation,” Pabón said. “How do we create spaces where you can come in and don’t have to pick or choose?”

Categories: Colleges

Beyond the Hill: International alumni share personal advice

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 04/25/2019 - 8:37am

International St. Olaf alumni gave career advice to current international students on April 21.  Hosted by the Piper Center for Vocation and Career, “Beyond the Hill” is a program series designed to support students of diverse identities with their career exploration,” the St. Olaf website said.

The event began with mingling and ice cream as the alumni greeted each other and current students. Assistant Director for International Student Engagement Megan Carmes asked the alumni what career advice they had for current international students.

Mang Han ’18, a data scientist, started by advising students to determine what career they want as early as possible.

“Graduation is coming, what are you going to do with your life?” Han said. “You cannot figure it out in four years, but it’s good to think about it at least.”

Mazen Abusharkh `18, a project manager, agreed.

“The reason you’re in college is to get a job,” Abusharkh said. “You need to tailor yourself and tailor your major and start doing projects that make you the best candidate for that job.”

Marlyne Hakizimana ’18, a data specialist, said students should try to have an internship experience before they graduate.

“I thought I wanted to do graduate school, so I did a lot of research on campus, but those don’t tend to translate too easily into the industry world,” Hakizimana said. “So try to at least have one internship.”

Some of the alumni emphasized the importance of making connections.

“The reason you’re in college is to get a job. You need to tailer yourself and tailor your major and start doing projects that make you the best candidate for that job.” – Mazen Abusharkh ’18

“When you just meet someone for coffee, get more information, that has got me a number of different opportunities,” Prabana Mendis ’18, an art organizer, said. “I think once you’re in the work world it’s a lot easier to navigate through those networks, but when you’re in school it feels like a daunting task. I wish I had experience doing that in school too.”

Fred Eduam ’18, an environmental lab worker, said the process of making connections can often be informal. He found his current job after telling a friend what he is interested in. 

Alex Hemmer ’18, a content specialist, advised students to start saving money, as it is often difficult for international students to find work.

“It will go a long way when you’re intentional about it,” Hemmer said. “There are so many unexpected costs that rise up throughout your four years here. I think there’s a lot that you can do with the little that you make if you’re intentional and ask around for tips and read online.”

Deepak Shah ’18, a cyber security worker, advised students to get a driver’s license, something many international student do not have.

“I had a permit in my junior year, probably for three months, I never got a license, I waited for two years, once I graduated I didn’t have anyone who could drive me, I would drive on my own – illegal,” Shah said. “I have a license now.”

Morountodun Adebiyi ’18, an administrative assistant, said students should have a positive outlook and keep an open mind.

“Try everything, don’t be afraid to pursue the goals that you have on your mind, regardless of what family or parents say,” Adebiyi said.

Categories: Colleges
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