Blogosphere

Institute hosts renowned economist

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 3:00pm

Professor emeritus of economics at Brown University Glenn Loury arrived on campus Friday, Sept. 27 for a moderated discussion with St. Olaf students, professors and members of the Northfield community. It was the first event in the Institute for Freedom and Community’s fall series, “Discrimination and the Search for Justice and Truth.”

Loury is a member of the Econometric Society and the first black tenured professor of economics at Harvard University. Alongside these accomplishments, Loury also hosts a podcast called “The Glenn Show,” in which he discusses questions of economics and social justice with distinguished guests from the fields of academia, journalism and politics.
To open the talk, Institute director Edmund Santurri asked Loury to enumerate his stances on the idea of “black conservatives,” in regard to issues of affirmative action, reparations and police brutality.

In the dialogue, Loury was given the time to thoroughly explain his views on affirmative action. Rather than simply proclaiming himself as “being against affirmative action,” he stated that affirmative action is useful for a transitionary period but ultimately unjust as a permanent institution.

Loury argued it would be more politically effective to use trans-racial terms and policy to solve these problems, as opposed to labelling economic inequity and police brutality as raceless issues. He went on to claim that reparations would ultimately be a disservice to the black community. The dispersal of reparations would, politically speaking, discharge the obligation of the history of slavery and ultimately prevent progress on the issue of racial equality, Loury said.

“Why would I convert the birthright moral currency of having descended from slaves and being affected by that into a chip that could be discharged across a bargaining table?” Loury said regarding his argument against reparations.

During the question-and-answer session, students and members of the St. Olaf community posed several questions ranging from whether he was being used by conservatives as a strawman, to the literature behind affirmative action.

The only disruption in the questioning came from some members of the audience being unable to stifle their laughter when another audience member asked whether or not we should replace the word ‘white’ in racial discourse with the word ‘beige.’ Loury, to his credit, took the question seriously and offered some insights on the issues of linguistics in racial discourse.

The second event in the Institute for Freedom and Community’s fall series will be a moderated discussion with Alice Dreger on “Truth, Justice and the Science of Gender” Thursday, Oct. 10.

graham10@stolaf.edu

Categories: Colleges

Under Pressure

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 3:00pm

I wasn’t always like this
Or so I thought.
I can do this, I can do that
I thought to myself for so long
But when it is time to actually do it,
I discover I cannot,
And it is scary
Almost like I have just discovered that I do not know myself!
Maybe…
Now that the truth hits home,
I discover that the lining in uncertainty has led me to seek certainty,
Understanding to confusion
And wisdom to folly
I don’t get it yet,
Am I lazy or just passive?
This inability to step up…
This leader is now the best follower you could ever find
It is new to me,
So I don’t know how it might look on the outside.
Am I trying hard enough?
Am I trying at all?
What is trying?
Why won’t I go Nike and just do it?
Hard questions I ask
And I am not patient enought to wait for the answer
Or maybe I do not want to wait long enough to hear it
Or maybe I am scared that I know the answer
And they might have been right
“I have been working on it,” I say to myself

Categories: Colleges

Get in line… U.S. green card backlog needs to be addressed

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 3:00pm

During the last couple of years, the topic of legal immigration has become an issue brought to the forefront of American politics. Under the Trump administration, the Democratic and Republican parties have become more polarized about the topic. Many Democrats support the abolishment of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and many Republicans support Trump’s border wall.

On July 15, 2019, in an attempt to help clear the large backlog of immigrants waiting to receive green cards, the House of Representatives passed the “Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act” by a vote of 365 to 65. This bill would phase out per-country limits for employment-based green cards and raise per-country limits for family-based green cards.

This means that the U.S. could give more green cards to highly-skilled workers, such as workers from China or India. However, the bill was blocked in the Senate by Republican Senator David Purdue, despite having some bipartisan support from the likes of Republican Senator Mike Lee. While this bill has not been completely shelved yet, it seems unlikely that a vote will actually occur. However, this discourse in the Senate brings up the question of whether this bill will actually help fix America’s legal immigration system. The answer, in my opinion, is that this bill does nothing to fix America’s inherently broken legal immigration system.

America’s immigration system has many flaws that the bill does not even address. There are two main types of green cards: one for work-based applicants and another for applicants with family who are already U.S. citizens. This bill does less to address wait times for immigrants who are applying for family-based green cards. Some estimates say it can take up to 10 years for brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens to receive green cards despite being directly related to U.S. citizens. Not only that, but the bill also does not address the green card backlog for lower-skilled workers. In order to effectively shorten the wait times for green card applicants, I think lawmakers should introduce a bill that can fix wait times for all these groups.

I believe that a bill that fixes immigration policy should devote more funding to processing green cards. Currently, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency is unequipped to deal with the number of green card applications the receive. If there was more funding devoted to processing green cards, then more applicants could be vetted and accepted.

Another thing the bill should do is eliminate caps that are set on the number of work applicants from each country. Currently, applicants from a certain country are only allowed to make up seven percent of the accepted green cards. This means that applicants from countries with a high volume of immigrants will not have their applications even looked at for many years, thus creating a backlog. Also, any immigration law should increase the current quotas put on the number of green cards for family-based immigrants. This action will allow for more close relatives to be given green cards without having to wait up to ten years.

While immigration is a complicated issue, there are many actions the government can take in order to help fix the system. However, based on the current state of Washington, progress on the issue of immigration will most likely not occur for a while. Nevertheless, it is important for people who are passionate about legal immigration to contact their representatives about making a change. Until change really does happen, the U.S. will be stuck with an immigration system that is inherently flawed. That is why I think it is critical for lawmakers to create meaningful immigration reform and to do it as soon as possible.

heffel1@stolaf.edu

Eric Heffelfinger ’23 is from St. Paul, Minn. His major is undecided.

Categories: Colleges

With inclusivity, actions speak louder than words

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 3:00pm

Many of you have probably seen the library’s new décor: those posters that greet you as you walk through the building. Their message is simple. “All are welcome here,” they say. And I will admit, when my friends and I went exploring our first few days on campus, I smiled at the posters. They make me feel better about the place I am in – about St. Olaf as an institution. They make me feel like it is a place that cares about its students and works hard to provide an inclusive and safe community.
But is it?

Full disclosure, I have been on campus for approximately one month. My head is crammed with the names of student support centers and inclusivity programs whose purposes I can only half remember. I am utterly unprepared to tackle the issue of inclusivity at St. Olaf, so I will not try to. But I can look at this one feature of our school’s identity.

Now, I would love to be able to tell you – and myself – that these posters reflect a genuine, cohesive effort to be inclusive and provide a welcoming community for all. But I just do not know. They send a message to faculty, staff, donors, parents, alumni and students both current and prospective, that much is undeniable. The question we must ask is, are there actions to back up those words?

One possibility is that these posters are no more than “slacktivism” or “armchair activism.” This form of activism is superficial. It makes people in power feel good about themselves without having to do any real work. It is very easy to cover the campus and library in sleek posters full of rainbow colors and affirming words. It is even easier to promise something as broad and immeasurable as “welcome.” Action, though? That is not nearly as easy.

The success of this “all are welcome” campaign depends on the actions of the St. Olaf community. As students, we have a role to play. Individual professors, administrators, staff members and other employees do too. Now, to me, the intent behind the posters feels genuine. I am hopeful that this work will get done. But that may not be the case for everybody. At the end of the day, that’s what we all have to remember. Inclusivity – the very word “welcome” – looks different to different people.

To that end, I won’t sit here and try to tell you how to make St. Olaf more inclusive for everyone. Of course, a large portion of that work must come from policies that uphold the promise of inclusivity, and I don’t have that kind of power. I also recognize my own privilege in this situation; I am not positioned to evaluate whether our campus meets the needs of the people around me, because their needs are not necessarily my needs. So yeah, the posters feel genuine to me. I’m one individual.

A truly welcoming community is a noble, if lofty, goal. It will not be easy to achieve. I believe that for the words on these posters to ring true, we all must put in the time, effort and money. Is that going to happen? Is it happening already? Honestly, I do not know. I am willing to give my school, my newfound home, the benefit of the doubt. I do not think they are an empty gesture. But only time and action will tell.

We welcome people of every race. Ethnicity. Sexual orientation. Religion. Gender identity and expression. Nationality. Political Affiliation. Gender. Socio-economic status. Age and ability. All are welcome here, St. Olaf says.
I think we need to prove it.

klinef1@stolaf.edu

Grace Klinefelter ’23 is from Omaha, Neb. Her major is undecided.

Categories: Colleges

Instagram update: Fighting perfection one policy change at a time

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 3:00pm

I have had an Instagram account since 2012. Seven years ago, Instagram was a relatively small community, primarily made up of photographers showing their work. Since the days of me posting “artsy” pictures of trees, Instagram has grown into a network of about 500 million users. It has also added several new features such as direct messaging, stories and live-streaming. One of the most notable Instagram updates was the introduction of advertisements.

Recently, Instagram introduced some policy changes regarding advertisements. Users who are younger than 18 will no longer be able to view posts that promote diet products and cosmetic procedures.

Instagram’s public policy manager, Emma Collins, said this is Instagram’s attempt to reduce “the pressure that people can sometimes feel as a result of social media.” As it has grown more popular, Instagram has received scrutiny for its impact on users. The Royal Society for Public Health (RSPH) ranked Instagram as the most negative social space for young people between the ages of 14-22.

In general, I have mixed feelings regarding Instagram. I have personally spent far too much time agonizing over the perfect picture. Scrolling through my feed, I often find myself comparing myself to others in terms of looks, life experiences and overall happiness. I have been able to carefully filter my online presence, editing out the difficult parts and creating my own, personal highlight reel.

On the other hand, Instagram has served as a platform for millions to share their stories. There are many users dedicated to sharing their unfiltered lives. I especially love the Humans of New York account for providing a raw view of the lives of everyday people. It can also be utilized as an educational tool and, in our fast-paced world, a news source.
I think Instagram culture emphasizes a larger issue within our society. Our culture strives for perfection. We want to have the perfect outfit, perfect academics and the perfect job. When we do not achieve perfection or are struggling in general, we hide it from the world.
I think Instagram’s latest policy change is a positive one and will encourage people to celebrate the natural aspects of life. Limiting ads for cosmetic procedures and diet products removes some of the pressure that pushes us towards unattainable perfection.

marten1@stolaf.edu

Hannah Martens ’20 is from Milton, Mass. Her major is English.

Categories: Colleges

My feeling before class every morning

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 3:00pm
Categories: Colleges

SGA to change pay structure, remove some stipends

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 3:00pm

The Student Government Association (SGA) is restructuring how it compensates its workers in the coming months, in part by moving to an hourly wage system.
This change has caused cuts to stipends for Marketing Communications Officers (MCOs) and interim proxies starting Jan. 1, 2020, when the hourly wage system takes effect. Interim proxies are the individuals that take over for SGA employees that study abroad during interim.

The change to an hourly system is in accordance with federal law, SGA Chief Financial Officer George Bongart ’20 said.

“If you average out how much work they’re doing, especially when it comes to coordinators, to how much they’re getting paid, they’re well under the minimum wage,” Bongart said. “The government doesn’t like that. So starting Jan. 1, we’re switching from stipend to hourly – the normal $9.90 rate – and that is causing us to pay our coordinators more.”

“So starting Jan. 1, we’re switching from stipend to hourly – the normal $9.90 rate – and that is causing us to pay our coordinators more.”
– George Bongart ’20

The transition from stipends to hourly wages means branch coordinators will be compensated more fairly for their involvement. The relative increase in pay for coordinators has necessitated the restructuring, which Bongart and other members of SGA are preparing for.

“We have taken action to allow [coordinators] to cut back on some stuff so we don’t have to pay them as much,” Bongart said. “But that is causing our budget for branches and other workers to be cut down, such as the MCOs.”

Aside from the federal law, one of the causes of the compensation restructuring involves deciding which officers should receive compensation for their work and which should not. While the MCO holds significant responsibilities in certain branches, their role is more diminished in others.

Claire Shaw ’21, coordinator of the Student Organizations Committee (SOC), chose to move the stipend from the MCO to the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of their branch.

“This year I chose to move the stipend from the MCO to our CFO because SOC rarely requires marketing and other promotional designs,” Shaw said. “This was something discussed last year.”

Other branches, such as the Volunteer Network, don’t choose to issue stipends to their workers.

“The work is split up equally among different members so that all of the officers do about the same amount of work – none of whom get stipends,” said coordinator of the Volunteer Network Katie DeFoe ’20. “Because of this, the stipend cuts will not affect our branch.”
Overall, the changes to pay structures within SGA will cause all branches to reconsider how they manage their individual workloads.

“The work varies a ton between the different branches, and some branches need an MCO to put in more work,” Bongart said. “Other branches need their financial officer or another position to do more.”

During the restructuring process, SGA executives maintained open discussions with branch coordinators and other affected parties to ensure proper transparency as these changes occurred, according to SGA President and Vice-President Devon Nielsen ’20 and Ariel Mota Alves ’20.

SGA will continue to consider how it structures itself in the months leading up to the switch to an hourly wage system, with more changes to positions possible. The specifics or extent of these changes have not been established.

marand1@stolaf.edu
rains1@stolaf.edu

Categories: Colleges

Igniting debate about potential smoking ban

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 3:00pm

There are certain colleges, including the University of Minnesota, that have banned smoking on campus. St. Olaf, in accordance with Minnesota law, prohibits smoking in all buildings, including residence halls. However, if a student does choose to smoke, “they must be at least 10 feet away from the entrance door of any building.” Those are the rules now, but what would happen if smoking was banned completely at St. Olaf?

When I think about this idea, I remember a conversation I had with a group of students from Indonesia. We were eating a meal in the Stav Hall and discussing how, if smoking were banned on campus, the new policy might target international students. This is an interesting thought, because people who have grown up in the U.S. have become accustomed to the stigma that surrounds smoking. This goes hand in hand with the federal policies that regulate smoking in the U.S.

As a nursing student, I understand the terrible effects smoking has on people’s health. However, I also come from a background where I am half Indonesian and have lived overseas for most of my life. I have been around many cultures in Asia and Europe where smoking is considered a cultural norm. In some countries, there are no regulations or warning signs on cigarette packages. In fact, having a smoke with people is just as casual and respected as getting a coffee with friends. The argument I am making here is that there are different cultural beliefs that may be at play here if St. Olaf considers banning smoking on campus.

In order to get more opinions on the smoking policy, I interviewed my Indonesian friend Omara Esteghlal ’21, who describes himself as “politely against” banning smoking at St. Olaf.

“I just think their rules are completely incendiary,” Esteghlal said.

In reference to how banning smoking might target international students, Esteghlal said, “with the smoking thing, it’s kind of weird because people have been smoking outside, so there’s a lot of segmented groups that are affiliated with smoking, mainly internationals.”

The U.S. cultural argument for not smoking is due to the health benefits. “Here in the U.S. you have to abide by the rules,” Omara continued. And we must consider the different cultural beliefs that separate the U.S. from other countries. “For example, as an Indonesian, [smoking] never mattered.”

When asked if banning smoking would be effective, he said, “it won’t stop anyone from smoking, I can guarantee you that … it’s just going to create problems.”

Indeed, when considering banning smoking on campus, St. Olaf must understand the cultural background of why some students smoke. I personally do not see smoking as a problem on campus, and I never see cigarettes littered on the ground.

Omara sums up the smoking issue at St. Olaf nicely: “Should we smoke or should we not smoke? It’s a personal option. If you do it, do so politely, do so where you don’t disturb anyone.”

In my opinion, this is an idea already practiced at St. Olaf, and a new “ban” on smoking may create unnecessary turmoil.

kettne1@stolaf.edu

Laras Kettner ’21 is from Falls Church, Va. Her major is nursing.

Categories: Colleges

Befriending me

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 3:00pm

She began to enjoy her own company.
The other day she made herself laugh.
She laughed until it would not make sense
to a passer-by that she was alone.
It was ridiculously funny to begin
befriending herself.
What had taken her so long?

mensah1@stolaf.edu

Categories: Colleges

The chalk is mighter than the sword

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 3:00pm
Click here for full post

Categories: Colleges

40 years after its release, Coppola’s classic film returns with “Apocalypse Now Final Cut”

Manitou Messenger - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 12:50pm

There is nothing quite like watching a classic film in a cinema. As anybody who has been lucky enough to watch a restored, re-edited or otherwise redistributed classic in a theatre can confirm, it is an unforgettable cinematic experience. However, redistributions of classic films are not exactly common, leaving such opprotunities even more valuable. Case in point: this fall, audiences had the chance to revisit Francis Ford Coppola’s Vietnam war classic “Apocalypse Now” in the form of its newest rendition, “Apocalypse Now Final Cut.”

Throughout the 1970s, Coppola had cinematic Midas touch, directing classics such as “The Godfather I-II” and “The Conversation.” But his true masterwork of the decade might just be “Apocalypse Now,” one of the haziest and trippiest visions of war ever committed to the big screen. Upon its much-anticipated release in 1979, it was an immediate success, receiving Oscar nominations (winning two: Best Sound Mixing and Best Cinematography), $150M in box office returns (versus a $31M budget), Cannes’ prestigious Palme d’Or and an indispensable place in American pop culture.

Despite the film’s overwhelming success, Coppola was unsatisfied with his final product. In 2001, the Coppola-supervised “Apocalypse Now Redux” ­­– a new cut of the film featuring nearly 50 minutes of new footage – was released. This re-edit served as a sort of director’s cut of the film and, like many re-edits throughout film history, it became a fierce point of contention for fans. While many viewers praise “Redux” for its added humour and attention to historical detail, others lament its interference with the film’s bleak tone and measured pacing. For years, fans have debated endlessly about the merits of each cut, with no definitive answer as to which one is the “true” way to experience “Apocalypse Now.”

Ever the perfectionist, Coppola has apparently taken one more stab at the project, as yet another cut of the film, “Apocalypse Now Final Cut,” has been added to the conversation. “Final Cut,” consisting of more footage than the original cut yet less footage than “Redux” (yet with no wholly new footage). For many, this will stand as the definitive cut of the film.

Based on Joseph Conrad’s classic novella “Heart of Darkness” (1899), “Apocalypse Now” is a film that follows a disturbed soldier, Captain Willard (Martin Sheen) and his mission to assassinate a colonel gone rogue, Colonel Kurtz (Marlon Brando). But what exactly does “Final Cut”’s additional footage (this time adding about 30 minutes to the original’s runtime) contribute to Willard’s twisted riverbound voyage to Kurtz? Essentially, “Final Cut” functions as a trimmed down “Redux,” containing all of the additional material in “Redux,” except for a few specific scenes.

The most significant – and controversial – section exclusive to both “Redux” and “Final Cut” is a lengthy sequence near the end of the second act in which Willard and his men discover a French plantation near the end of their journey to Kurtz. This scene of Frenchmen and romance is a double-edged sword of the film. It adds much in the way of historical accuracy (detailing French-Indochina colonization) while simultaneously halting the pace of a film spiraling closer and closer to its climax. Also found in both “Redux” and “Final Cut” is the amusing scene in which Willard snatches a surfboard from Robert Duvall’s iconic Colonel Kilgore. While some argue that this scene disturbs “Apocalypse Now”‘s relentlessly grim tone, it is undeniable that it is one of the funniest in any cut of the film, and it adds a great deal of character to the normally dour Willard.

It’s interesting, too, to note the scenes Coppola considered integral back in 2001 when editing “Redux” that he has once again removed for “Final Cut.” Missing from “Final Cut,” yet home to “Redux,” is one scene in which the group of soldiers run into the Playboy bunnies from an earlier scene. As the longest “extra” scene cut from “Redux,” this scene furthers the psychedelic, grungy atmosphere of the film at the expense of making our group of main characters appear even more grimy. It appears that Coppola has deemed this scene unnecessary to the “Apocalypse Now” experience after all. One other bit missing from “Redux” in “Final Cut” is a brief clip of Kurtz surrounded by children reading a magazine article. This was the only scene featuring Kurtz in the sunlight in any of the film’s versions, and its exclusion from “Final Cut” maintains the darkly mysterious aura Kurtz held in the original cut.

It isn’t often that classic films return to the silver screen of the cinema; it is rarer, still, that a classic film will return re-edited. For “Apocalypse Now,” this has happened – twice. “Final Cut” is the latest (and last?) rendition of a cultural relic, a frenetic time capsule, an intoxicating journey to the heart of mankind. For the modern moviegoer, there are unlikely to be any opportunities quite like “Apocalypse Now Final Cut”– at least, not until Coppola becomes unsatisfied and picks up the editing scissors yet again.

piwonk1@stolaf.edu

Categories: Colleges

Rice Co Sheriff’s Dept gifted with a drone; Change order and more work continues to complete 2018 Division St project; Rice County Area United Way launches new website; Nfld Shares accepting grant applications

KYMN Radio - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 12:02pm

By Teri Knight, News Director Law enforcement agencies have been using drones for a few years but the price has been too high for Rice County’s budget. Sheriff Troy Dunn said he’s looked for grants but just recently, after hearing Dunn talk about it, someone came into the office and offered to purchase one for

The post Rice Co Sheriff’s Dept gifted with a drone; Change order and more work continues to complete 2018 Division St project; Rice County Area United Way launches new website; Nfld Shares accepting grant applications appeared first on KYMN Radio · Northfield, MN · AM 1080 & FM 95.1.

Tim Warner and Lisa Hurtgen

KYMN Radio - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 11:15am

Tim Warner from Wireless World Verizon and Lisa Hurtgen from Servicemaster talk about a group that meets weekly in Northfield called Business Networking International (BNI).

The post Tim Warner and Lisa Hurtgen appeared first on KYMN Radio · Northfield, MN · AM 1080 & FM 95.1.

Sheriff Troy Dunn

KYMN Radio - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 10:08am

Rice County Sheriff Troy Dunn talks about drones. The department received a $15,000 donation to help with the purchase of a drone and two deputies are going through training for it. Drones can be used to locate missing persons or other uses that may require a search warrant. He also discusses recent crisis intervention training

The post Sheriff Troy Dunn appeared first on KYMN Radio · Northfield, MN · AM 1080 & FM 95.1.

Legion flag to fly all month in honor of Last Man's Club

Northfield News - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 9:30am
During the month of October, the American Legion is flying the American flag in honor and recognition of the VFW Last Man’s Club, World War I, World War II and Korea.
Categories: Local News

Adventures in the New Humanities: Taking stock of the semester

St. Olaf College - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 8:29am
In this "Adventures in the New Humanities" blog post, Professor of History Judy Kutulas reflects on the start of the semester and her second experience using the college's new maker space.
Categories: Colleges

Today’s random music sample 10/3/19

KYMN Radio - Thu, 10/03/2019 - 5:34am

Here’s is a small sampling of today’s music: Loving You Is Sweeter Than Ever – Susan Tedeschi Ready to Let Go – Cage the Elephant Love Sick – Randa and the Soul Kingdom Don’t Drop Me – Jeb Loy Nichols Girl – Beck Good Rockin’ Tonight – Wynonie Harris Mexican Stars – Funky Nashville Adjust

The post Today’s random music sample 10/3/19 appeared first on KYMN Radio · Northfield, MN · AM 1080 & FM 95.1.

You Like Country Music. Really.

KYMN Radio - Wed, 10/02/2019 - 10:14pm

You may think you don’t like country music, but you’re wrong. This week on The Weekly List, Rich proves it to you.

The post You Like Country Music. Really. appeared first on KYMN Radio · Northfield, MN · AM 1080 & FM 95.1.

STAY, Freeborn Wind!

Carol Overland - Legalectric - Wed, 10/02/2019 - 6:38pm

And we SCORE! Association of Freeborn County Landowners had a win earlier today when the Minnesota Court of Appeals granted our Motion for Stay of the Freeborn Wind Appeal as the Xcel Request for Amendment goes forward. YES! Sure glad we’re not having to do two things at once!

Order – Stay AppealDownload

And FYI, here’s Xcel’s Amendment Request:

Ex 1_Xcel Site Permit Amendment Application_Part 1 of 4_20198-155331-01Download

Ex 2_Xcel Site Permit Amendment Application_Part 2 of 4_20198-155331-02Download

Ex 3_Xcel Site Permit Amendment Application_Part 3 of 4_20198-155331-03Download

Ex 4_Xcel Site Permit Amendment Application_Part 4 of 4_20198-155331-04Download

Categories: Citizens
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