Blogosphere

Craig Swenson

KYMN Radio - Fri, 11/01/2019 - 8:02am

Craig Swenson of FiftyNorth talks about events, classes and activities coming up at FiftyNorth. The play “Case of the Railway Ruckus” will open on November 2. Tickets are $10 in advance and $15 at the door. Advance tickets and more information available at www.fiftynorth.org.

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Northfield street project update 11-1-19

KYMN Radio - Fri, 11/01/2019 - 7:33am

Phase 1 Simione Court, Nelson Court, Kimble Court, Hackerson Court, Grundhoefer Court, Eklund Court, Covey Court, Lockwood Drive, Gill Lane, Zanmiller Drive, and Bluestem Court Paving crews were able to complete the base course paving  on all of Phase 1 this week.  Crews were also on-site late in the week raising manholes and gate valves on

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Clues to the origin of life found in the Arb

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:48pm

Did you know that the Arb is home to evidence of early microbial life? A large ancient stromatolite is visible along Spring Creek in the Upper Arb. Stromatolites are microbial reefs created by the activity of cyanobacteria.

Microbial mats, or complex communities of microbes (primarily bacteria and archaea) organized into visible layers, were one of the first ecosystems on Earth. The oxygen-rich air created by ancient photosynthetic mats was crucial to the development of complex life on Earth. Stromatolites are mineralized microbial mat fossils, and hold a record of ancient life on Earth.

Stromatolites feature lamination, or layering, which is formed when calcium carbonate precipitates over a microbial mat and hardens. This process happens because of microbial photosynthesis, which depletes the supply of carbon dioxide in the surrounding water. As this continues to happen over time, more and more layers are built up on top of each other and the stromatolite increases in size. These same structures are still around today and can be found in shallow marine seas, most notably in the Bahamas and Western Australia.

While the oldest found stromatolites are 3.5 billion years old (the Earth is 4.5 billion years old), the stromatolites visible next to Spring Creek in the Upper Arb are located in the Prairie du Chien group of sedimentary rocks, which are dated to the early Ordovician period (about 488 million years ago). While 488 million years is still pretty ancient by most standards, that’s nearly 3 billion years younger than the first stromatolites!

The stromatolite visible in the Upper Arb consists of smaller laminated stromatolites as part of a larger meter-tall composite structure. Stop by and investigate for yourself.

NASA believes microbial mats are central to the search for evidence of life both on Earth and in space.

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Categories: Colleges

Soft Pretzel Love Sonnet

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:47pm

Since my humble college start

Thou hast twistèd love knots on my heart

Those same whorls of dough of which thou art form’d,

Of which my soul is too adorned,

Puff like clouds from Bon App kilns

And add saltèd hypertension to student ills

Topped with hard salt and brown’d by egg,

Thy simple scent causeth students to beg

For when our mitten’d hands deign to pick up thy saltèd knot

We shall but then be content to learn what we’ve been taught.

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Categories: Colleges

Anderson Light Fixture: Let There Be Light

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:46pm

Last year, the administration flooded student emails with queries about the Anderson Hall Light Fixture. The college higher ups, it seemed, were convinced that this light fixture was the most pressing issue on campus. Carls were begged to attend presentations by various sculpture artists or comment on design proposals. Obviously, our input on the light fixture was more valuable than, say, students’ thoughts on tuition costs or academic course offerings.

However, the much anticipated light fixture is nowhere to be found in the new science building. After so much hullabaloo, students are wondering what the heck happened to this over-glorified light bulb. Surely this illuminative piece of art will be the gem of the building. Students walking to lab will stop in their tracks and crane their necks upward to admire the project. It will be too beautiful for STEM majors to describe with their limited vocabulary. Like moths to a flame, Carls will gravitate toward the fixture and stare in awe. It will probably assume the place of our past deity “the crane” and gain a campus-wide religious following.

While we wait for this expensive lamp, here are some theories about what it will look like. Carleton can Venmo me directly if they chose to pursue any of these ideas.

◉ Carleton is purchasing the sun. Thank you, rich alumni.

◉ The college is renting a giant “light box” from SHAC to help students with Seasonal Affective Disorder. (I actually would love this, and I hope anyone with SAD takes advantage of campus resources.)

◉ The fixture is a giant neon sign, which reads “I’m on the pre-med track.”

◉ The light fixture is actually a huge candle. The Residential Life Office, upon hearing the news, will schedule RAs to take turns to “try to blow it out.”

◉ The light fixture is made out of dorm string lights. Graduating seniors donated their string lights for the project because “They are refined adults now and have no need for such juvenile frivolities.”

To ensure the fixture will not increase electricity costs or impact the school’s carbon footprint, the college will plug the fixture to a really long extension cord that connects to St. Olaf.

As finals approach, we will need the light fixture more than ever. Students are being dragged into a dark abyss with exams and essays worth 30% or more of their grade.

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Categories: Colleges

What To Do With Wet Leaves: A Guide for Everybody!

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:43pm

Most of the trees have shed their leaves, and many of those leaves have been rained on at least once. For some, wet leaves are a menace. For others, wet leaves are mother nature’s finest gift. It seems that Carleton has survived the rainiest part of the fall, which is great; however, the time to plan for this same plight next year may already be here. Most likely, you fit at least one of the categories within the Dungeons and Dragons Alignment System. Digest this information however you choose.

Lawful Good
Attempt to salvage any crunching sounds you can. Best of luck.

Neutral Good
Shovel the leaves. Your rake won’t come in handy when the leaves are soggy.

Chaotic Good
Add the leaves to your salad, that is, if you’ve been itching to eat more locally.

Lawful Neutral
Construct a giant mountain of leaves (either mentally or physically, though this activity could cause serious harm).

True Neutral
“Slip” on wet leaves as you walk across campus. Will the injuries you incur lead to free tuition?

Chaotic Neutral
Manually dry the leaves to have a more authentic fall. The heated Memo/Cassat floors aren’t just to keep you cozy.

Lawful Evil
Race friends across the soaked leaves; though in reality, going faster than 5 mph on the moist foliage may only hurt you.

Neutral Evil
Pile the leaves to block the doors of your academic building of choice. No class, and an incredible workout.

Chaotic Evil
Throw wet leaves at people. For lack of a better way to say it, though, you probably suck if this sounds like you…

With this information as your guidebook, the sky should be the limit. If any more rain rolls around this fall, you know what to do. If not, fall 2020 will sneak up fast. Hopefully, the good and neutral crowd remembers this article. The same hope is not applicable to either Lawful Evil or Neutral Evil though, and it seems logical that someone who is truly Chaotic Evil would have only picked up the Carletonian to burn it or something.

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Categories: Colleges

Geology department orders hit on DIVEST Carleton

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:37pm

Upon further review of the Panama Papers, it was revealed that the Carleton Geology department had contracted a hit on various members of DIVEST Carleton. The papers revealed that a few years ago, when DIVEST carleton had just started, there was a secret Geology alumni meeting on Little St. James island, a known hive of illegal activity. The minutes from this meeting indicate that the Alumni were concerned about DIVEST carleton sapping crucial oil investments from the various companies that the Alumni work for. They made it very clear to the SDAs and professors that the donations that sustain the New Zealand OCS program were at risk if DIVEST were to succeed.

The department was hesitant at first because murder is an awful act, but upon hearing that the New Zealand program was in jeoprady they fell in line, even suggesting creative ways to kill people with rocks such as crushing them and hitting them with rocks tied to sticks.

The money was initially wired to the Physics department, but there were some flaws in the wire transfer order. So like all things that were intended for physics but didn’t cut it, it found its way to the geology department.

The Panama papers also reveal a meeting that occurred in the basement of Comet Ping Pong Pizza in DC where the course GEO 276: Energy Rocks! was proposed. The materials provided by the Oil alumni were Kalamazoo College syllabi from their Petrochemical Engineering program. It also included plans to hire various professors from the local Kwik Trip gas station.

This is highly disturbing, especially in light of Hillary’s email leaks revealing that various alumni in the financial sector met with the economics department at DAVOS to implement ECON 272: Theory of Investment Finance.

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Categories: Colleges

Reginaldo Haslett-Marroquin on poultry, colonization and regenerative agriculture

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:34pm

As someone passionate about food and its intersection with environmental and economic justice, I was thrilled to learn that Reginaldo Haslett-Marroquin, an agronomist and the CEO of the Regenerative Agriculture Alliance, was scheduled to speak at convocation this past Friday.

A member of the Fair Trade Federation and founder of Peace Coffee, a fair-trade coffee company, Haslett-Marroquin began by briefly detailing his childhood. Born to a poor farming family in Guatemala, he reflected upon the memories of numerous hungry nights. Upon emigration to the United States in 1992, he continued his interest and passion for food and agriculture, earning a degree in agronomy and, later, international business management. More than 25 years later, Haslett-Marroquin remains personally and professionally embedded in the world of food, agriculture and immigrant rights through a distinctly-decolonial perspective. The establishment of the Regenerative Agriculture Alliance, which focuses on building a “regenerative food supply chain,” stems from an acknowledgement that “everything in agriculture is designed from a colonizing textbook.” In emphasizing the environmental domain of poultry, perennial crops, and landscape regeneration, among other topics, the Regenerative Agriculture Alliance works at a multidimensional systems level.

After discussing, broadly, the incredible work of the Regenerative Agriculture Alliance, Haslett-Marroquin discussed the colonization process as it relates to agricultural practices. While insightful as an overarching framework, the discussion of the theory and practice of colonized agriculture involved a multitude of complicated, visually-overbearing diagrams and charts. Due to the convolution of such diagrams, I wonder if Haslett-Marroquin started to, unintentionally, lose some of the focus of the audience. Rather than deeply consider what it means to decolonize agriculture, I had to divert attention to understanding the nuances of arrows and tables.

The clarity and flow of Haslett-Marroquin’s presentation improved when decolonization was explained by way of an example: the poultry industry. At his own farm in Fairbault, Haslett-Marroquin engages in regenerative poultry production. At its starting point, regenerative productions builds agricultural and economic systems that protect existing resources and expand indigenous knowledge and practice. Furthermore, according to the Regenerative Agriculture Alliance’s website, “regenerative poultry, when approached from an indigenous starting point and centered on its original natural jungle habitat, can deliver high level ecological, social and economic impact. Most important, it can have the largest ripple effect across the food supply chain.”

While I had been a little lost and disengaged for a significant portion of the middle of Convocation, the concrete example of poultry farming—especially given its implementation so close to campus—fortunately recaptured my attention and interest.
The question and answer ended the convocation on a sobering, yet optimistic note. A representative of the intersection between indigenous rights and environmental justice, Haslett-Marroquin noted that if just one out of the twenty chickens that an average American consumes each year were raised through regenerative methods, cultivated on indigenous lands, it would be worth $3 billion dollars annually.

Overall, while I experienced moments of slight disappointment and disengagement, I left the Chapel reflecting upon, intimately, our collective relationship to the land and its people. Ultimately, how do we honor the land and its rightful stewards in a way that promotes justice and equity along economic, environmental, and social dimensions?

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Categories: Colleges

Publication gatekeeping

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:32pm

Freedom of ideas doesn’t mean what it should mean. At Carleton and other peer institutions, most of them liberal, liberal arts colleges (and I mean “liberal” in the literal sense, valuing liberty), people all the way from administrators to students center the importance of sharing ideas.

This is noble in principle. We go to college because we want to explore new ideas we haven’t been exposed to before, or at least I hope that’s part of why we’re here.

But the downsides to this approach fast become obvious. Administrators everywhere from Berkeley to New York love foisting unjustifiable, irrational, prejudiced ideas on students for the sake of some supposed spirit of inquiry.

We can’t value free ideas and bad ideas in the same breath because bad ideas are antithetical to freedoms. When someone’s ideology endangers someone else’s existence, that ideology has no place in a so-called liberal institution.

That’s all I’ll say on that subject directly. The flip side is more interesting to me, in part because we have neglected it in our liberal educations.

I’m a humanities major, and consequently I spend large chunks of time poring through obscure articles, books, essays, and the like that focus on some subject of interest. There’s a lot out there, but the more you study a specific topic, the more you realize there’s not that much.

The same scholars cite each other in a kind of incestuous intellectual dialogue. You see one name here, then the same name somewhere else. We can never escape our specters, whether they’re Plato or Hegel or Weber or Shakespeare.

It is important to acknowledge what’s come before us. The past matters at least in part because all its events and figures inform our present. But the degree to which academic study relies on canonical texts, ideas, and thinkers disturbs me.

We study certain topics because they matter, but some of them only matter because they’re studied, because they’ve influenced others, because you have to understand something to critique it. You have to read Heart of Darkness, the line goes, to “get” Things Fall Apart. You have to know Plato to know why Nietzsche matters. You have to read Derrida and Butler because contemporary philosophy wouldn’t exist without them. Or so we’re told.

Is there not any world outside this? We value these long conversations because they’re easy narratives. As a eurocentric society, it’s easier to accept the premises with which we’ve been indoctrinated than to reject the canon altogether.

That means that any scholar that doesn’t converse with the canon has no academic ground on which to stand. We all need sources for our papers. If there are a hundred sources from or referring to canonical, aristocratic dead white dudes and a handful that aren’t, those papers will naturally end up engaging more with the canon.

The very nature of publishing, both academic and creative, succeeds in keeping many of these heterodox narratives out. We say we’re getting a liberal education, but how liberated is it, really? Good luck trying to cite an unpublished paper. Good luck getting a book published if its subject won’t sell.

In many of my English classes, we’ve read good, insightful books that have gone out of print because they don’t fit the conventional respectability of the canon. Often this means they were written by someone other than a rich, straight, cisgender white man. Publishing, the canon, restricts our thoughts before we even see a page.

Anything we study has been deemed worthy of study. That doesn’t mean it is, necessarily, but rather that the gatekeepers of the canon have decided it fits within the narratives they (and we) have been indoctrinated to accept.

As with the bad ideas discussed above, this matters on some level. Texts can be dangerous, and dishonest texts even more so. But to require all texts to meet a certain level of institutional merit before anyone else can study them is antithetical to liberal arts education. It prevents us from studying ideas on their own terms.

This restriction, common to education, the arts, and publishing, smacks of condescension. We are more than capable of deciding for ourselves; that’s why we’re students, after all.

Of course, none of this applies for hateful and violent texts. Those texts tend to belong to the canon more often than not, because the canon exists to protect them. The gatekeeping of publications and academia serves white supremacy, capitalism, and heteropatriarchy more effectively than any censorship after the fact could.

If our educational institutions prevent us from ever experiencing the radical ideas that challenge their authority, we will keep faith in them and the systems of oppression they uphold. If, on the other hand, we experience truly radical ideas—ideas of the kind that not only talk back to the canon, but reject it outright—we can start to dismantle the thought patterns that lead us here. The world doesn’t have to be like this. We don’t have to take oppression for granted.

I don’t know what that world would look like. I see no sign of escaping the dead white academics and artists and politicians of the past entirely. And even working against the canon is still working within it, because in acknowledging it we strengthen the hold it continues to have on our present. Texts (and people) we disagree with become even more powerful. Texts we ignore don’t.

I don’t think we can ignore the canon, and I don’t think we should, at least not entirely. But I do know we have to be more conscious and deliberate about how we interact with it, in the classroom and outside it. Many canonical works have radical elements; many were rejected in their time.

That being said, we have to always remember the ways in which our society has controlled thought to oppress people. Whenever we open Catalyst, or go to the bookstore, or check our reading list for class, we’re participating in that. At the very, very least, we should pay attention to how that affects our thinking and our worldview.

More, we should begin to look outside the canon for answers. Outside academia, outside the established list we’re “supposed” to read, outside the list of respectable ideas. The revolution isn’t coming from campuses. Not so long as they teach us what to think.

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Categories: Colleges

An argument for Buttigeg, the not-so-underdog candidate

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:28pm

According to a poll taken after the most recent viewing party of the Democratic Debate, hosted by Carleton Democrats, Elizabeth Warren is the preferred candidate of Carleton College. She received 112 votes from Carleton Democrats which to put in perspective, Bernie Sanders, another favored candidate at Carleton, only received 35 votes. It is hard not to admire Warren, as a strong woman who came from a low income family and became a Harvard Law professor. However, while impressive, she is definitely not the only star candidate in this election. An increasingly popular, and my personal favorite, candidate is Mayor Pete Buttigieg. Buttigieg, a candidate formerly known for his youth and “lack of experience,” pulls ahead in the polls weekly. In recent polls, he even passes Sanders and is among candidates such as Biden and Warren. Buttigieg provides a new perspective and the reality that Warren is not the only option.

Buttigieg, a Harvard graduate and Rhodes scholar, holds many democratic and progressive stances while maintaining a realistic and logical approach to change. These stances include climate change, women’s rights, and, as he puts it, “Medicare for All Who Want It.” On the subject of climate change, an issue that will be a dealbreaker regarding my personal vote, he has submitted an ambitious and logical plan titled the “Clean Energy Victory Plan.” This plan stems from a “clean economy,” according to his website, and promises that after 100 days in office he will submit the new U.S. Paris Climate Goal for 2030 and, in cooperation with other countries, combat the increasing effects of climate change.

The topic on which Buttigieg and Warren might differ the most is healthcare. While Warren is known for her plan to raise taxes on big corporations and the wealthy, Buttigieg has made clear his plan to give Americans a choice between a government run health plan, and the private healthcare plans on which they may already be enjoying. The reason I take issue with Warren’s plan is the risk on which it stems: alienating voters who may be deciding between a moderate Democratic candidate and not voting at all. By attacking the wealthy those with wealth and big corporations, she stirs resistance among those with much influence in this election. Furthermore, she speaks of big corporations and wealthy families as if they were an endless pool of many that can support a healthcare plan benefitting the middle class, for which she idealistically claims taxes will go down. This is not to say that the wealthy and big corporations should not be held accountable for their actions, but that the manner in which they are being treated is logical and fair. Furthermore, she speaks of big corporations and wealthy families as if they were an endless pool of many that can support a healthcare plan benefitting the middle class, for which she idealistically claims taxes will go down.

Something that sets Warren apart from other frontrunners is her perspective as a woman. While there is nothing a man can do to fully understand the struggles of sexism in modern society, I believe that Buttigieg is extremely respectful to these struggles and provides plans that will push forward women’s rights in the 21st century. These include, but are not limited to, raising a culture that holds employers and corporations accountable for their transgressions, implementing a 12 week comprehensive paid family and medical leave, and making movements for the pro-choice agenda so women can reclaim the constitutional right to make decisions for their bodies. Along with his policies, the audiences Buttigieg reaches are a vital part of his success.

I believe that Buttigieg has the ability to unite a divided political audience and call forth a large group of voters that may not know their place in this current election: Trump- renouncing republicans. While we can debate the correctness of this group’s beliefs until the cows come home (to Northfield, MN), we cannot deny their ability to help decide the next election. Many moderate republicans have made their distaste for President Trump known. A large fraction of these voters have claimed to be interested in Mayor Pete’s agenda. Warren, while being a popular candidate among Ddemocrats, is not as liked among this group largely due to her policies regarding healthcare and government influence. The ability to utilize and motivate this group of voters will undoubtedly help decide this next election and whether or not Trump is re-elected for a second term.

A large part of what drew me to Buttigeg was his acknowledgement of a post-Trump America and what picking up the pieces of our country will entail, as seen in the most recent Democratic debate. America will be polarized, vulnerable, and confused and will need a president capable of unifying all Americans.

Buttigieg is not limited by age, but empowered by new perspectives and the ability to unite a polarized America. His policies have proved both logical and ambitious and address the struggles of all Americans. He has proved himself a frontrunner in the 2020 election and competes right up there with older and settled candidates such as Warren and Biden.

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Categories: Colleges

I’ll take anyone but Buttigeg

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:21pm

Actually that is absolutely not true, but for some reason it feels true. To me, Pete Buttigieg represents some of the worst impulses in American politics— false commitment, elitism, neoliberalism, and deceit. But then again, so do the vast majority of candidates. Actually, most of them feel like terrible options, people who won’t really work to make this country what it could be, what it has to become; people intent on maintaining the status quo, changed ever so slightly as to appease some folks while leaving most under the thumb of this country’s oppressive systems.

To be honest, I’ll vote for anyone who isn’t Trump. In the general election, your vote for president is realistically between two predetermined options. At that point, that little slice of time in the voting booth, you have to hold your nose and vote for the option that isn’t proto-fascist. We vote for Democrats because they’re not Republicans, not necessarily because we believe in everything every potential Democratic candidate says. But a boy can dream, can’t he? Dream of actually wanting to vote for a candidate? To believe that the work he does in the voting booth will actually feel right when combined with all the work he does in the real world? As a faith-based voter, I dream of a candidate who espouses the same values I hold dear, someone who doesn’t make me feel like I’m sinning when I vote for them, committing or sanctioning some kind of violence. With the current Democratic field, finding that candidate feels difficult.

While for a while I’ve been pretty excited about Elizabeth Warren, recently part of me has begun to question whether I’d want her or someone even further left, like Bernie. Both to me are good options, people that I would generally feel excited to vote for. But that’s not what this article is about. No. This article is about who I absolutely do not want to win the nomination.

Firstly, there are the obvious no-goes. Michael Bennet? Absolutely not. There’s really no good reason he’s still in the race. While he’s a great senator, he is, in no way, the right person to lead this country in its current era. John Delaney? I’m not sure what possessed him to even throw his hat in the ring. There’s nothing new or interesting about him. Not that being new or interesting is really that important for this policy centered voter, but it’s still important to be able to capture the nation’s imagination. Other folks that really don’t matter include Steve Bullock, Wayne Messam, Tom Steyer, and Joe Sestak. And while I find candidates like Andrew Yang amusing, he’s not really at any chance of winning.

Now come the real candidates—people that could, in theory, be the next president of the United States. The following candidates are people that I would be upset to see get the nomination, in order of increasing disdain.

Firstly, Kamala Harris. The California Senator’s reluctance to actually take a firm stance on Medicare for All was bad enough, but it’s her record as a prosecutor and as AG of California that makes me hesitate the most. Her decision as Attorney General to block gender affirming surgery for Michelle Lael-Norswrothy felt incredibly punitive and unnecessary, a reflection of the deep transmisogyny and misogynoir of America’s carceral systems, the kind Harris buttressed and defended throughout her career. The treatment of transwomen, especially trans women of color, in California’s prison system under Harris’s watch was truly brutal. For instance, Candice Crowder, after facing rape and abuse in a men’s prison, was put in solitary confinement for months, mistreated by staff and penetentery workers systematically. I’m not comfortable lending my vote to anyone who sought to uphold such a vile, evil system.

Joe Biden is a bad option, too. Very bad. Incredibly bad. Not only is he a genuinely very creepy man, but his policies, too, are terrible. From the 1994 Crime Bill to the Defense of Marriage Act to the Iraq War to anti-abortion legislation to anti-busing efforts to the war on drugs to pretty much anything he has done in his legislative career, the man is a moral failure. He represents the worst parts of the party and the worst elements of the lingering racism, misogyny, and violence still holding firm in the party’s Northern branches. He’s also just generally incompetent and prone to major gaffes.

Then there’s Tulsi Gabbard. While we can be critical of her previous stances on queer rights, or her love of foreign dictators like Assad and Putin, my real beef with Tulsi rests in her blatant support for fascism in India. She’s been known to take money from individuals associated with the Sangh Parivar, a militant Hindu nationalist organization and the parent body of the ruling, oppressive Bharatiya Janata Party, and has spoken at multiple Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh events in India. She is a known friend of strongman Narendra Modi, a mouthpiece for Hindutva, a vile theocratic ideology that is responsible for unspeakable violence across the subcontinent. She describes these sorts of attacks as “Hindu-phobia,” but in reality they are attacks on her character. She is backed by, and in turn backs, militant terrorist networks.

And, of course, Pete Buttigieg. The man I dislike the most in this race. Pete Buttigieg represents to me the kind of candidate that would have been promising thirty years ago, before we knew any better. Yes he’s a polyglot. Yes he’s poised. But he’s woefully under qualified to be president. The only reason it feels like he’s running at all is because he’s all out of options in increasingly red Indiana, and he’s reached the highest office he can without abandoning the state in which he chose to begin his political career. Buttigieg feels like the kind of candidate who has always believed it was his destiny to become president. And it’s that entitlement, with no real substance behind it, that aggravates me. His service in Afghanistan also frustrates me, as he did his tour after graduating from Harvard, after working for McKinsey, and after being elected to the mayorship in South Bend. To use military service, oriented as it is in systemic violence, as a prop to add to one’s resume, to me, is incredibly distasteful. And that’s exactly what it was. He didn’t have to go to Afghanistan, he didn’t have to enlist like so many poor and frustrated Americans do just to struggle for some kind of opportunity. And then there’s his marrying of faith and his queerness. As a queer Christian, nothing frustrates me more than having someone who participates in the violent apparatus of the state, who doesn’t believe in radical structural change, who doesn’t seem to really care about the social ethics of Christianity, be the face of the marginalized in my faith. To be queer and Christian, for me, has always been a struggle, one that has required deep introspection and a thorough shift of perspective toward a profound understanding of radical love. For so many queer Christians, reconciling our identities with our love of God has forced us to confront some of the worst aspects of this world, to develop a radical theology of compassion. I see none of that from Buttigieg. I see none of that deep, Godly love; I see no real commitment to the poor, the marginalized, the hopeless. And that’s what makes me the most angry. And that’s why, come November 2020, if Buttigieg is on the ballot, I’ll have to pray real hard to get myself to tick off his name.

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Categories: Colleges

As term wraps up, fall sports near the finish line

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:15pm

Seventh week is a time of transition here at Carleton. Midterm season is officially over, signaling the beginning of a three week sprint towards the tenth-week finish line. The cold has set in, prompting all to reach into their closets, pull out their snow-jackets, and brace themselves as they trudge across a frigid campus. Professors begin to comb through course material and prepare their final examinations to the shagrin of intimidated students.

There is a certain feeling of intensity to seventh week. As the culmination of ten weeks of pain-staking effort nears, pressure to succeed begins to set in. Failing to achieve a desired grade is equivalent to ten-weeks of struggle wasted.

Carleton fall athletes are no stranger to this intensity. As the term progresses, so does the athletic season. For most squads, tomorrow will be the last day of MIAC competition, leaving each team with at least somewhat of a comprehension of whether or not they will have the opportunity to compete for a MIAC championship. Carleton has had a mixed showing across all fall athletic events for the 2019-2020 academic year.

Some teams have been excellent, showing championship caliber potential and hanging tough with the nation’s best. Both Cross Country teams have been excellent thus far, recording another successful year as perennially MIAC powerhouses. Junior Matt Wilkinson has paced the men’s team, placing first at Carleton’s Running of the Cows, second at the UW-Eau Claire invite, and fourth at the highly competitive Connecticut College Invite. The men are currently ranked 30th in the country by the United States Track and Field and Cross Country Coaches Association (USTFCCCA), and fourth in the central region. Tomorrow, the Knights will race to defend 2018’s MIAC championship, in what appears to be a three horse race between the Knights, St. Olaf, and St. Thomas.

“We’ve been dropping our mileage so that our legs have a chance to recover before this weekend’s meet,” Wilkinson said of the team’s preparation. “At the same time, we are continuing with intense workouts to ensure that we are sharp and ready to go when we line up on Saturday. In terms of mental preparation, we’ve been talking a lot about team strategy with Coach Ricks and Coach Schoen. Personally, I’ve also spent a lot of time running on the Conference meet course this past week to visualize the race. Aside from this, we do goof off quite a bit in practice, which is important because it means we aren’t stressing too much before race day.”

Women’s Cross Country is putting together one heck of a season of their own. Ranked first in the central region and ninth nationally, the Knights have established themselves as the dominant force in MIAC Women’s XC for the coming future. First-year Clara Mayfield has two wins under her belt, and will be in contention for a third at tomorrow’s MIAC championships. Junior Amanda Mosborg currently holds the title of MIAC Women’s XC Athlete of the Week, giving the Knights their third MIAC weekly award of the season, in addition to Mayfield’s previous two. The future is bright for Carleton Women’s XC, as the program will return both Mayfield and Mosborg, along with Sophie Maag ’23 and junior Emma Greenlee ’21, each of whom have top-five finishes this season.

Two sports, whose seasons will formally resume in the spring, had strong showings this fall. Women’s Golf finished third at the MIAC Championships in late September, with Alyssa Akiyama ’20 capturing her second individual MIAC title. Alyssa’s victory marks the seventh consecutive year that a member of the Carleton Women’s Golf team was crowned champion. Akiyama is the third woman from Carleton to win multiple individual championships (2016, 2019), following in the footsteps of Ziyi Wang (2017, ’18) and Grace Gilmore (2014, ’15). On the tennis court, the doubles pair of Madeline Prins and Faith Yim, along with the 2018 NCAA Men’s Singles runner-up Leo Vithoontien, reached the ITA cup. 2019 marked the first year that any Knight had reached the ITA tournament, which is viewed as a tune-up for more formal NCAA competition in the Spring. Both Golf and Tennis will resume this coming March, weather permitting.

Men’s Soccer, after a thrilling run to the NCAA Tournament last season, are headed to the MIAC playoffs again. This will be the thirteenth consecutive trip for the Knights, the longest of any MIAC school. Most recently, Carleton defeated archrival St. Olaf at home, on an OT game-winner by midfielder Charlie Hall.

The win over St. Olaf this week was an important result on many levels. Since they are our rivals, the fact that we were able to battle back from a 1-0 deficit in such an intense game really shows the strength of our team. It is rewarding to clinch a spot in the playoffs and then to host a home playoff game next week. Most importantly, we have now had two great performances in a row and seem to be coming together at the right time. If we continue this streak against St. Johns, we will have significant momentum heading into playoffs.

The Knights will wrap up MIAC play this Saturday, as they’ll face St. Johns University on the road. With their victory over St. Olaf, they are guaranteed to host at least one MIAC playoff game, which is tentatively scheduled for this Monday.

Some teams have struggled, but show signs of improvement from last season, with reason for optimism about the future. With two games left to play, Carleton Football already has as many wins as the past three seasons combined. Though still years away from playoff contention, the Knights have played significantly cleaner football, cutting turnovers in half from last year’s 3-7 finish.

Knights Volleyball sits a distant 10th place in the MIAC standings. Though Carleton has failed to qualify for the MIAC playoffs since 2015, there is reason for excitement looking forward. The Knights have youth on their side, as they will only graduate two seniors in Celeste Chen and Olivia Powell. Junior Abby Loe has developed into a force for Carleton, having already recorded over fifty more blocks than her sophomore campaign, with one game left to play. Sophomore Inger Shelton has also performed well, settling into the role of the team’s primary setter, and exceeding her assist total from last season by over one-hundred.

One team sits in the middle between the competitive extremes of championship-contender and rebuild mode. Carleton Women’s Soccer has not made the MIAC playoffs since 2014, but punched their ticket to this year’s tournament with a dominating seven to two victory against St. Olaf on Wednesday. Their playoff fate, however, remains undetermined, as they will only be guaranteed a home playoff game with a win against College of Saint Benedict. It will be interesting to see how the Knights will fare next season and beyond, as they will be graduating seven key pieces, including Nora Mertz, who moved into a tie for third in all-time goals scored at Carleton.

Playoffs or not, it seems that each fall sport has either results to be proud of or a future to look forward to.

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Categories: Colleges

Laura Baker offers Carleton students a chance to engage with the community

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:12pm

“Carleton bubble” is a term we are familiar with. Many of us will spend four years here without really living in Northfield, the place we all call home. You may have walked down to Blue Monday or Little Joy and counted it as your “interaction” of the week with the town and not know the person who made your latte. After a whole year of this lifestyle, I realized there was something I was missing out on. One of these things is Laura Baker.

In a time when people with disabilities were being institutionalized, Laura Baker opened its door to provide them with assistance to be part of the community and attempt to remove the stigma of disabilities present in society. Founded in 1897, Laura Baker Services is an institution that could provide insight and opportunities for Carls who are interested in public service, medicine, disability services and more.

This organization is only a few blocks down the road from Weitz. It is home to about fifty Northfield members and services even more adults with intellectual and physical disabilities. Whether it is full time care or helping individuals in depositing a cheque, Laura Baker is known to accomodate people based on their individual needs.

Bridget Novak, the arts coordinator at Laura Baker, uses art as a tool to help residents express themselves and practice their creativity. She talks about the different opportunities available for college students.

“There’s definitely a constant need for staff members. Since we believe this work is really important for able bodied community members to engage with, we are more than willing to accommodate individual requests. People are welcome to work half time or full time, depending on their availability,” Novak said.

Throughout the year, Laura Baker hires students to work as staff members on different levels. “It’s funny that we’re right next to Carleton, yet we only receive applications from St Olaf,” said Novak.

They have recently started a new buddy program to connect more people in the community with Laura Baker. People get paired up with a Laura Baker resident and “the only real requirement is to meet with your buddy once a week or maybe every other week,” said Novak.

The goal is to form a close bond between two people which can help both parties go through a transformative experience, exposing them to different perspectives and providing a glimpse into someone’s life that you may never have known otherwise.

They also provide a pre-professional program for people interested in social work practicum and want to enter this field professionally. The duties are from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. every day, and the program helps participants get real-world experience working and representing an organization. The amount of flexibility, however, can help students engage with Laura Baker in variety of ways.

Living in a comfortable bubble is an enticing idea for some, but Carls often have a need to engage with the outside world and try to change things for the better. Carleton already equips us with skills and techniques to go out there and make a difference. A starting point for that could be Laura Baker. All you need is a walk down 3rd Street E and have a desire to engage with the community.

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Categories: Colleges

Review of fall play The Heidi Chronicles

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:10pm

Over the weekend, the Carleton Players performed The Heidi Chronicles by Wendy Wasserstein. The show, directed by David Wiles, featured Bryn Battani ’23 as Heidi Holland, Sawyer Stone ’23 as Scoop Rosembaum and Josh Isaacs ’22 as Peter Patrone.

The Heidi Chronicles follows an art historian, Heidi, as she navigates relationships, grows into a mother, and asserts herself in a man’s world. I sat down to talk with Bryn Battani about the show and we discussed one of the questions that the show reckons with, one that is still relevant since the show opened on Broadway in 1989: “whether a woman can have it all,” meaning a career, a family and her own sanity.

Heidi’s life does not follow a traditional timeline; she dates Scoop Rosenbaum on and off until they marry, and has a strong friendship with Peter Patrone. She is also an accomplished art historian who has studied women’s art and published a book by the time she decided to have a child in her 40s.

Battani explains that Heidi “is part of a generation of women that rejects the notion that they have to follow a specific path to marriage and motherhood but she finds herself kind of lost because she feels at a certain age her clock ticking.”

One of the scenes that stands out to me from the show is when Heidi meets Scoop at the Eugene McCarthy for President meeting. Scoop is an energetic personality who confronts Heidi, but Heidi is mainly unreactive to his comments. She sits on the bench and appears to listen but doesn’t walk away or give much to Scoop in response. During that scene, I stayed in my chair but felt drawn to rise up and question Heidi, ‘Why aren’t you reacting? Walk away!’

Battani saw it similarly when we talked about that scene. She wonders aloud about her character: “Why isn’t she just talking to him? What’s wrong with her?” Moments like this make Heidi a unique character. She is not reactionary, and instead seems to be contemplative taking in the world. My emotional reaction to this scene highlights the talent in Battani and Stone’s acting, as they made me feel drawn in and invested in their interaction.
However, Heidi does choose moments to raise her voice. A moment that resonates today in the ongoing debate about representation in art is when Heidi and some friends march in an art museum demanding that women artists be showcased since they are the majority of the museum patrons. The scene is powerful, as the three women stand on the stage with broad stances, signs and a megaphone chanting “Women in Art!.” The stage is small, and the women take up most of the space, which allows them to display an aura of determination as they demand representation.

Another scene where Heidi memorably uses her voice is towards the end when she stands up to give a speech at a luncheon and reveals that she has nothing prepared because she feels “stranded.” Brynn’s delivery of Heidi’s monologue conveys an intelligent vulnerability and command of character.

And with Heidi standing solo in the center stage, we get to focus on just her. Finally, the moment is hers. It isn’t Scoop’s or Peter’s or one of her friends. However, her moment of raising her full voice also involves confessing she is unsure of her place in life. Heidi resolves this uncertainty at the end when she has a child.

Something that interested both Battani and myself was the incorporation of art into the show. Battani said that she took art classes with her mom as a child, so she was familiar with some of the artists. I had never seen the paintings before, but the way that Wasserstein incorporates Lilla Cabot Perry’s “Lady in Evening Dress” and Lily Martin Spencer’s “We Both Must Fade” into the show intrigued me. In both, a woman stands dressed nicely but detached, and the paintings appear as a reflection of Heidi as a character.

The Heidi Chronicles is many things—a feminist manifesto, a chronicle of searching for place and love, and an exploration of women’s art. I walk out of the show thinking about whether much has changed since the period which the show unfolded, during 1965-1989. My hopes for the future echo the themes in the show, and many are 2019 versions of Heidi’s aspirations.

Bryn sees the relevance of the show today too. She looks at me as she relates to her character: “I see what Heidi is striving for.”

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Categories: Colleges

October 23-30, 2019

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 10:01pm

Wednesday, October 23
Afternoon: Security took a vehicle accident report.

Friday, October 25
Early morning: Security transported an ill student to the emergency room.

Saturday, Oct 26
Early Morning: An intoxicated student was transported to the hospital by ambulance.

Early Morning: Another intoxicated student was transported to the hospital by ambulance.

Early Morning: Security responded to a noise complaint in a residence hall. The loud partiers were located and asked to quiet down.

Afternoon: Security responded to check on some writings on a chalkboard in a campus building. The writings had been removed by the time Security arrived.

Sunday, Oct 27
Early Morning: Security performed a wellness check on a student. All ended well.

Early Morning: Another wellness check was performed on a student by Security. All ended well.

Early Morning: Security checked on an intoxicated student. This student was left in the care of friends for the evening.

Afternoon: Security provided a taxi voucher to a student for transportation to the hospital.

Monday, Oct 28
Evening: An ill student was transported to the hospital by ambulance.

Tuesday, Oct 29
Early Morning: Security responded to a fire alarm. Burnt food was the cause of the alarm. No fire.

Morning: An injured student was transported to the hospital by ambulance.

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Categories: Colleges

ArtZany: Fifty North, Case of the Railway Ruckus and Arts Guild, An Evening with Guild Founders

KYMN Radio - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 9:34pm

Today in the ArtZany Radio studio Paula Granquist welcomes director Peggy Sheldon of the Fifty North production The Case of the Railway Ruckus and cast members Steve Jorstad, Jim Stenglein and Jane Greenwood. At the end of the show the Northfield Arts Guild director Tim Peterson will preview the 60th Anniversary event An Evening with Guild Founders.

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Title IX Team releases annual report on sexual misconduct

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 9:29pm

On Tuesday, October 29, the Title IX Lead Team released its report on Sexual Misconduct Prevention and Response for the 2018-19 year.

The report is published annually to keep the Carleton community informed about reports of sexual misconduct, as well as to address sexual misconduct prevention and response initiatives. According to the report, “The Title IX Lead Team provides ongoing oversight of sexual misconduct issues on campus and stays current on national trends and federal mandates and legislations.”

The report stated that there were 117 Community Concern Forms (CCFs) filed related to sexual misconduct during the 2018-19 academic year. This is the highest number of reports of this nature to be filed in the past five years; the second highest came during the 2015-16 year with 113. Of the 117 CCFs, eight incidents involved faculty or staff and five involved visitors of the college. Ninety-two of the reports went through an informal resolution, meaning the complainant chose not to pursue an investigation.

Only three of the complaints went through a formal resolution, in which the Title IX Coordinator asked the college’s investigator to pursue an investigation and to prepare a written investigative report. In all three of these cases, a policy violation was found. The college also issued 12 no-contact orders during this past academic year.

The report also included information on the demographics of reporters. 55% were made by students, 35% by staff, 7% by faculty, 5% anonymously, and 3% by Security. Of the 92 student cases, 41% pertained to sexual assault, 20% pertained to sexual harassment and 14% pertained to stalking.

In addition, the report reviewed the college’s on-campus education and prevention programs offered during the 2018-19 academic year, including the CarlTalk on consent and healthy relationships given during New Student Week, Sexual Assault Prevention for Undergraduates, an online program for incoming students, and Green Dot, a 6-hour bystander intervention training program. The report noted that “In the third year of the campus-wide rollout of the Green Dot Bystander Intervention program, 211 students participated in eight sessions of the 6-hour training, bringing the number of students trained since 2015 to 524.”

“I’m grateful that we have the opportunity to share data and information about this important work on a regular basis in a way that is accessible to the entire campus community,” said Sexual Violence Prevention Coordinator Nora Peterson. “I’m especially eager to hear feedback from students on their ideas on how to build additional violence prevention programming here at Carleton,” Peterson continued. “Students can reach out to me directly with their ideas or to schedule a time to meet.”

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Categories: Colleges

Office of Health Promotion receives 2,000 free condoms from national Condom Collective program

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 9:25pm

On Friday, October 18, Carleton’s Office of Health Promotion (OHP) received 2,000 free condoms from an Advocates for Youth program called the Condom Collective.

Four Student Wellness Advocates (SWAs) separately applied online to be campus condoms distributors during New Student Week. Each applicant approved by the Condom Collective was to receive 500 condoms for their campuses. All four SWAs’ applications were approved, and they received a total of 2,000 condoms. The OHP is now working on distributing the condoms to the student body.

“The Condom Collective is an Advocates for Youth organization, a grassroots initiative to have free and easy access to contraceptives,” explained SWA Julia Baumgarte ’21. Carleton is now deemed a Safe Site by the Condom Collective program, which means that the campus actively encourages safe sex.

The online application for the Condom Collective included questions such as “why do you think access to contraceptives is important?” and “why would you like to advocate for free condom dispensers on your campus?” Other questions pertained to the practice of distributing contraceptives.

The condoms in question include Trojans, among other brands, and include a variety of types, such as magnum, ribbed, twisted and “fire and ice.”

“They’re pretty nice, and the fact that there are 2,000, they would definitely cost a lot of money,” said SWA Natalie Sainz ’20. “I feel like people are specifically trusting of Trojan condoms because it’s a pretty big brand name, so knowing the OHP has Trojan condoms for free is a big deal.”

The SWAs plan on using a variety of methods to distribute the condoms to Carleton’s student body. “We’re planning on giving a lot to RAs because they’re most likely to interact with their residents and have direct access to give students these condoms. We also have condoms available in the SWA office for people to stop by and grab some. We might try some tabling in Sayles, and try to publicize the fact that we have so many condoms,” explained Sainz.

“Barrier methods are the best way of reducing the chances of STIs and STDs, unwanted pregnancy,” explained Baumgarte. “From the perspective of a SWA, safer sex is also important for emotional well-being, for reducing post-sex reget, anxiety, and stress,” elaborate Julia Baumgarte 20’.

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Categories: Colleges

Date Knight tradition experiences challenges after campus directory change

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 9:23pm

Carleton’s time-honored tradition of Date Knight (formerly called “Set Up Your Roommate”) has undergone significant changes this year as a result of changes to the campus directory. Students, who no longer have access to student residence information online, will correspond with friends, as opposed to roommates, of potential dates for this year’s Date Knight event on Saturday, November 9.

Information regarding campus residences was removed from the directory on September 9, 2019. As a result, students cannot search for an individual’s dorm room number nor identify that individual’s roommate(s). The directory changes presented a major logistical problem for Date Knight. Traditionally, Carleton students have coordinated dates for their roommates by contacting the roommates of potential matches. With the directory’s removal of all residential details, this is no longer possible.

“The directory change is different than what most students are used to, which can be tricky,” said Miiko Taylor, Assistant Director of Student Activities. “Historically, the event was focused on students pairing their roommates. With the changes to the campus directory, we knew we would have to alter what we normally do.”

The Student Activities Office (SAO), which sponsors Date Knight with the Student Activities Programming Board (SAPB), considered several solutions to preserve the tradition. “We did consider different ways of organizing the event, and creating a list of roommate pairings was an idea,” Taylor explained. “But this ultimately did not seem possible. We don’t have a way to maintain a list of roommate pairings that we could 100% guarantee would be accurate and would update in real time if people changed rooms. That could lead to confusion for participants, which we did not want to risk,” elaborited Taylor.

Taylor also noted that publishing a roommate list could violate students’ privacy rights. “We also want to respect student privacy and we understand that some students do not want their room information available to everyone on campus.”

SAO’s current approach is to encourage friends of students to arrange the matches and organize dates. This has been the standard method for students living in singles who participated in Date Knight. According to an October 27 all-campus email from Myat Thant Sin Naing ’21, Special Events Coordinator on SAPB, the steps for arranging a date are as follows: “Check with your friend and make sure they’re okay being set up on an anonymous date; contact the date’s friend and confirm via email or verbally; after confirmation from the date’s friend, fill out the official request form on the SAO website.”

Taylor is optimistic that this new system might increase student participation. “As with any change to a long-standing program, it is hard to tell what the outcome will be until it happens,” Taylor stated. “I think it might be easier for some students to participate this year because there are so many outlets now. If you happen to know your prospective dates’ roommate, you can still contact them, but you could also contact a prospective dates’ teammate, classmate, or someone involved in their same student organization.”

Departing from the customary roommate system redefines the Date Knight tradition. The event has traditionally emphasized pairing roommates, granting it the informal nickname “screw your roommate” or “screw-date.”

“We were curious to see what Date Knight would be if we expanded that concept,” Talyor explained. “Our hope is that students are creative with the new format and will expand who they reach out to to pair their friends with.”

Date Knight is scheduled for Saturday, November 9, with festivities beginning at 7:00pm in Great Space in Sayles. Activities will include dance and a capella showcases, a Firebellies-run “restaurant,” a film screening, and a stand-up comedy show.

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Categories: Colleges

Election 2020: A case for Bernie Sanders

Carletonian - Thu, 10/31/2019 - 9:19pm

I must admit that I am reluctant to choose a candidate to support. None of the Democratic candidates should be anyone’s be-all-end-all for the presidency, for the stakes are too high. Frankly, any one of the candidates would be better than President Trump.

As the 2020 election roars ahead, many of the candidates are championing ambitious policies like universal healthcare and the fair distribution of wealth via increased taxes on the rich. These positions are quite popular, as the majority of Americans believe that everyone has a right to healthcare and that it’s unfair that just three people have as much wealth as the bottom half of all Americans.

Paying for all these wonderful policies is still up in the air, however. Even though Bernie Sanders, unlike Elizabeth Warren, was honest about the increases in taxes on the middle class that would come with his presidency, it is still hard to believe that such an increase would finance his trillion dollar policies. In fact, I am not convinced by any of the candidates’ plans for financing their goals. The United States is barely holding on to Social Security, yet we expect national healthcare, paid family leave, free public college, and student loan debt forgiveness to somehow be paid for. These policies are needed, of course, but as citizens of this great nation, we must be pragmatic about our financial standing.

Despite these reservations, the reason why I am so intrigued by Bernie Sanders is that for 30 years, he has been fighting for the working class with the same language, the same fervor, and the same scraggly hair. Although I am proud that the Democratic party has the most moxie, calling out the absurdity of bankruptcies caused by medical bills and widening income inequality, the party must give credit where credit is due. Bernie Sanders is campaigning on a goldmine of consistency. Youtube is infested with vintage videos of Senator Sanders pointing out the shortcomings of the American system, such as a 1986 video of him admonishing billionaire excess during the Reagan years or a 1988 video of him speaking about crippling student debt caused by rising college tuition. In 2016, Bernie was considered a bold and brash outsider for even mentioning such matters. Now, he’s just seen as the white, male alternative to Elizabeth Warren. This is a perception that the Democratic party should not let voters get away with.

Granted, ferociously fighting for healthcare and other ambitious policies for more than 30 years does not guarantee an easy implementation, or implementation at all. As election day gradually comes closer, we cannot continue to pretend that, if a Democrat wins in 2020, the Mitch McConnells of the Senate and Congress, along with private insurance and pharmaceutical companies, will suddenly raise their white flag. They will still be around voting and lobbying unfavorably. Healthcare alone, without private supplemental insurance, could take years to accomplish, possibly outlasting two terms.

However, the principle still stands. If it were not for Bernie Sanders, half of the candidates running would not even perceive universal healthcare as a priority. In January of 2019, Senator Kamala Harris was in favor of eliminating private insurance: “The idea is that everyone gets access to medical care, and you don’t have to go through the process of going through an insurance company…Let’s eliminate all of that. Let’s move on.” Now, she has taken a moderate position, suddenly in favor of medicare for all, but with private supplemental insurance—an obvious flip-flop.

Flip-flopping is not in Bernie’s playbook. He has consistently championed medicare for all, without supplemental private insurance. He has reliably called out the predatory behavior of Wall Street, the millionaires, and billionaires. He was honest about increasing taxes on the middle class to help pay for health coverage and free tuition. Consistent, honest, and reliable—not the first words that tend to come to mind when describing a career politician. However, these three adjectives accurately apply to Vermont Senator and 2020 presidential candidate, Bernie Sanders.

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