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Over a period of six weeks this spring, several students dedicated much of their free time to the collection of sap from St. Olaf’s very own maple trees.
“I tapped maple trees for a couple years with my dad just growing up,” Henry Raether ’15 said. “It’s something I’ve been doing for a while, and I wanted to bring it to the Hill. There have been a few other people who have done it, but I wanted to do more of a bottling process and actually sell it to students.”
Getting the project off the ground was a challenge in itself.
“Olaf is pretty protective of the land and the trees, so getting approval to do the project was pretty tough,” Raether said. “We had to prove that we were organized, knew what we were doing – I think the fact that I’d done it before was kind of convincing as well – and that we were actually going to benefit the St. Olaf community with this project.”
After gaining approval and funding through St. Olaf, Raether, along with fellow students Rachel Lee ’15, Ben Marolf ’15, Alex Bauch ’15 and Liam John ’16, quietly placed 25 taps throughout a grove of maple trees by Heath Creek, which is a part of St. Olaf’s Natural Lands. Over the course of six weeks, they were able to collect over 300 gallons of sap.
“We would just go out there everyday or every other day, depending on how fast the sap was running, and check all the trees, and empty the bags if we needed to,” Lee said.
The collection of the sap alone was a labor-intensive project, but the cooking process turned out to be even more difficult.
“We did a boil by ourselves using propane, and that took eight hours to boil only 30 gallons, so we made pretty much nothing,” Raether explained.
The team realized that they could not realistically cook a significant amount of sap on their own, and that’s when they approached Randy Clay about using Stav Hall’s kitchen to cook their sap.
“[Randy Clay] was integral to our success,” Marolf said. “Because we had these industrial boilers up in the kitchen we were able to do it in three and a half or four hours to get it from fifty gallons [of sap] down to one gallon of syrup.”
The hard work certainly paid off for the Manitou Maple team. Their most recent batch of syrup sold out after less than an hour and a half of tabling in Buntrock.
“A lot of people don’t know the process, and don’t have an appreciation for how maple syrup is made,” Raether said. “We really gained perspective about [how] tedious and meticulous the methods are to make maple syrup.”
“You learn a lot about where your food comes from, what food is around us and how it does take a lot of effort to make that food, and I think we don’t appreciate that,” Lee said.
In an effort to give back to the community, Manitou Maple partnered with, and donated all the proceeds from, their maple syrup to the Chloe’s Fight Rare Disease Foundation.
“We decided it would be nice to give back to the outside community in some way and raise awareness, and I felt like this would be a good way to do that,” Raether said.
Though many of the team members will be graduating this May, Raether is hopeful that the project will be carried on for years to come.
“The hope is that this will be a continual thing and that every spring weekend we can sell maple syrup.” Raether said. “I think the local aspect is really cool. It’s literally our backyard and we’re just harvesting the sap that occurs every year. The flow occurs every spring and people just don’t realize it.”
A half-dozen members of the Carleton College women’s tennis team earned a total of seven All-MIAC honors for the 2015 season. Junior Claire Spencer and first-year Danielle Vasiliev earned the award for their singles performances, while Mikayla Becich, Alana Danieu, and Grace Davis were recognized for their doubles play. Sophomore standout Caitlin Shea was named to both the All-MIAC singles and doubles teams.
Three members of the Carleton College men’s tennis team earned All-MIAC honors for the 2015 season, following a second-place finish in the regular season, with an 8-1 conference record. Sophomore Patton McClelland was selected for his play in singles, and junior Erik Johnson picked up honors for doubles for the second straight year. Senior Andrew Hwang was named to both the All-MIAC singles and doubles teams and was honored with the 2015 Arthur Ashe Award. Additionally, head coach Stephan Zweifel received his fifth MIAC Coach-of-the-Year award.
In a historic season for the Carleton College women's golf team, Geraldine Tellbuescher added her name to the record books while sharing medalist honors and leading her team to victory at the UW-Eau Claire Spring Invitational. Tellbuescher became the first Carleton woman, and possibly the first MIAC woman, to break 70 in a single round to rally for a first-place individual tie. For her performance, Tellbuescher was honored with her second MIAC Women's Golf Athlete-of-the-Week award of 2014-15.
In many ways, the music industry acts as a microcosm of society. For example, the widening gap between the rich and poor in America is seen also in the widening of income distribution in the music industry. With the rise of illegal downloading, revenues for musicians now come from concerts. Yet, big name artists are capturing more revenues from ticket sales just as the top one percent of Americans are capturing more wealth.
Fortunately, not all shifts in the music industry mean bad news. In fact, some shifts reflect greater acceptance. One genre in particular is poised for a gradual shift of greater inclusion: rock and roll.
Rock music, for the most part, has been a male-dominated industry. When people think of rock music, old names like Led Zeppelin and Pink Floyd come to mind – classic all-male bands. Even though newer bands such as The White Stripes and The Black Keys, and indie rock bands such as Radiohead break away some distance from the tradition, they still cling to the old formula of white men playing rock music. Of course, there are exceptions to the rule. Some genres such as punk rock were built by strong, female voices. Old names like Pat Benatar and new names like Sleater Kinney and Savages come to mind. Yet, by and large, rock music remains a male dominated genre.
However, this decade and the ones following it will belong to women in rock. We are already seeing more female-fronted bands take the spotlight. They give voice to an experience that was, at first, largely silent in rock music. This shift comes from the fact that as older generations age, they take their perceptions and tastes with them. On the other hand, our generation brings with it a greater appreciation for more varied voices.
This change means that we will see more female rock artists because we want something different; we want to see someone besides white men on stage rocking out, because that’s been done before, time and time again. Besides, the rising female artists in rock music, well, rock. They change the genre and push its boundaries with their new, fresh approaches to rock music. Their lyrics make us think about life in ways we may not have noticed. Their approach to rock gives us hope and helps us define our generation. Their music speaks to us, and we won’t stop listening anytime soon.
This shift will consist of not only more all-female bands but also multi-gendered bands. Soon we’ll even start to see male-led bands backed by all-female musicians. More importantly, this shift reflects a greater shift among our generation overall. Our generation will be one of greater inclusivity, built on the pillars of equality by giving voice to those who traditionally have had none. Here are some rising female rock bands that you need to listen to right now:
Swedish for “strong woman,” this Scandinavian band pulls out riffs reminiscent of 1980s British rock. The lead singer belts out powerful lines in a voice that is comparable to a force a nature. The band’s lyrics serve as a big middle finger to strong, domineering men who take advantage of women.
Songs: “No Mercy,” “Asleep,” “Witness.”
Not only does this hard-rocking Pennsylvanian band remind one of AC/DC, but the lead singer also breaks down the perceived conventions of female beauty. We should no longer expect female musicians to be of stunning proportions that are unrealistic at best. Instead, they should be human. She rocks her look and has one of the most unique rock music voices in the industry today.
Songs: “Hard Lovin,” “Fan the Flames.”
This Californian lo-fi garage rock band takes notes from St. Vincent in its aesthetics, but relinquishes nothing in its delivery. The lead singer’s voice ranges from calming and beautiful to wretched and ripped with emotion. Released when the band members were still in high school, the group’s first album explores the stereotypes of teenage girls and breaks down each one, one chord at a time.
Songs: “Had 10 Dollaz,” “White’s Not My Color This Evening,” “Trick or Treat Dancefloor.”
On Friday, April 17 and Friday, April 24, student-run theater organization Deep End APO sponsored new play reading events. Despite being spaced a week apart, these were the first of such events for the organization this academic year.
The April 17 reading was titled Hotline. Written by Emily Stets ’15 as her Public Mental Health: Wellness and the Arts Center for Integrative Studies (CIS) project, the play centers around a girl who experiences suicidal thoughts and calls the suicide hotline. The reading starred Tara Schaefle ’16, Stacie Argyrou ’16, Shannon Cron ’15 and Zach Greimann ’15. Hotline was preformed in the Flaten Art Barn as part of Deep End APO’s Mental Health Awareness Weekend.
The reading on April 24 was Honeymoon, written by Dane Staffer and Michael Voit. That reading took place in the David Johnson Boardroom. Though the play was originally written in 1991 and produced at the Illusion Theater in Minneapolis, the reading’s version of Honeymoon had been heavily revised from the original script. The reading was intended for the playwrights to hear their new draft read aloud, using distinct voices, in order to assess the current flow of the show.
Honeymoon explores themes of expectation and commitment. The play tells the story of Judy, a woman who locks herself in a closet over anxiety about her looming wedding to a puppeteer.
Honeymoon was read by Christine Menge ’18, Katie Johns ’15, Will Ibele ’18, Casey Bouldin ’15, Dylan Stratton ’16, Megan Behnke ’16 and Ian Sutherland ’18.
The play readings attracted not only Deep End board members and other students interested in theater, but also theater department faculty including Assistant Professor Jeanne Willcoxon and Artist in Residence Gary Gisselman.
A talk-back session with the playwrights followed each reading. Hotline’s talkback consisted primarily of the audience conversing with Stets about her show’s meaning, while Staffer and Voit were primarily interested in the Honeymoon cast’s thoughts of the play they read.
Both readings were catered with appetizers and beverages provided by Bon Appétit. While all refreshments were greatly appreciated, none was more coveted than the large cheeseball in the center of the appetizer tray. Both events saw the spherical cheese product consumed in its entirety before any actors spoke a single line.
Photo Credit: BESS CLEMENT/MANITOU MESSENGER
In January, the very popular Humans of New York (often abbreviated as HONY) came under serious scrutiny. Humans of New York was started in 2010 by a blog which has expanded and is published on Tumblr, Instagram, Facebook, Twitter and is now even available in a print format. Even St. Olaf has a Facebook page entitled Humans of St. Olaf that was inspired by HONY. Humans of New York is a collection of photos of people found on the streets of New York City, accompanied by short snippets of interviews with the subject of the photograph or some commentary. Photographer Brandon Stanton, the founder of HONY, takes all of the pictures and writes the commentaries himself. An editorial by Melissa Smyth, an associate editor for warscapes.com, set forth several grievances with regard to Stanton’s blog.
Smyth mainly criticized HONY for making a superficial appeal to the reader’s sentiment instead of addressing any substantive problems on subjects like racism and sexism. Smyth cites examples of photos featuring interracial interactions that bring a “fuzzy feeling” to the reader instead of a realistic representation of the diverse challenges faced in human existence. The project also received criticism from Smyth due to Stanton’s operation of the project. Stanton takes all photos and conducts all interviews, thus HONY is all seen through Stanton’s lens. The only people that Stanton photographs are those who he deems approachable, and therefore, the process is not truly random.
There is a disparity in Smyth’s expectations and Stanton’s aims. What Smyth wants is a cultural medium through which problems like racism and income inequality can be addressed through productive sorts of empathy. With the HONY project, Stanton seems to share no such aspirations in either current or past interviews. Stanton sees HONY as a collection of photos documenting people of interest and giving small vignettes of the human experience. There is a place for art that isn’t serious commentary, and Smyth does not acknowledge it. Smyth criticizes HONY as a form of escapism for people who want to ignore Ferguson and ISIS. While permanent ignorance and isolation from contemporary issues is not good, the occasional consumption of media that isn’t a serious dialogue or video of some wartime atrocity is necessary.
However, Stanton’s willingness to censor commentary about his own work is a valid concern to critics. According to Smyth, Stanton had also removed critiques of certain blog entries. Although the critique of his blog may be incorrect in Stanton’s eyes, he surely shouldn’t be censoring it.
It is important for Stanton to do several things. Perhaps he could more clearly define what HONY’s purpose is and admit some of his own biases. Smyth’s argument against his selection bias of photographic subjects, while interesting, seems not really to detract from the art. Escapism is not necessarily irresponsible; people go to see action movies where the heroes always win, listen to uplifting songs and sometimes go to HONY to get some quick relief from the CNN headlines about ISIS and plane crashes.
Scott Johnson ’18 (email@example.com) is from Gladstone, Mo. He majors in economics.
Minnesota is currently facing a population loss problem labeled a “youth exodus.” The Star Tribune reported that yearly, the average number of people ages 25 to 34 moving into the state – a measly 1,549 – is doing little to combat the huge loss of 18- to 24-year-olds, which is roughly 9,300. Most of those leaving are recent college graduates pursuing jobs or other post-graduate endeavors in various parts of the country. While many have found specific opportunities that motivated them to leave, a large contributing factor is a general idea that Minnesota lacks opportunities for young people. This attitude drives many away, and is leaving us at a loss for young, competent workers.
The same Star Tribune article suggested that by 2020, Minnesota will have a shortage of more than 100,000 workers, an unheard-of deficit since World War II. Why exactly are so many young people deciding to leave? As many have suggested, it all comes down to image. Minnesota lags behind in this regard, apparently lacking a certain appeal despite a wealth of opportunities. Many have lauded the Twin Cities as a pair of modern metropolises, marked by great opportunity and potential for success. Somehow, this is lost on the modern generation, and many opt to leave for what seems more like a traditionally successful city or region.
It is difficult to pin down any particular attitudes that the public shares, but certain notions certainly seem clear. Among these is the idea that Minnesota, and much of the Midwest, is a place to settle down, not a place for real opportunity. Many recent college graduates crave success and upward mobility, so they go somewhere that appears exciting and full of opportunity. What generally happens is that these young people, searching for immediate success, wind up settling down wherever they go and seldom return to Minnesota as they had planned. The Midwest doesn’t feel exciting, regardless of how much is actually going on.
To garner a good, reliable workforce, it is crucial to draw in the workers when they are young. This is why it is so important to keep young people grounded in successful Midwest regions. To really motivate people to stay, the greater Minneapolis/St. Paul area has assembled a “talent task force.” This group of up-and-coming professionals and CEOs is exploring several plans to incentivize college graduates to work in the state. A large part of this includes emphasizing the nightlife, food, entertainment and the outdoors. This is meant to demonstrate that Minnesota is valuable beyond jobs, making it a place where young people could see themselves living.
This idea of young life and booming opportunity is what really drives youth representation, and what Minnesota certainly doesn’t lack in reality, it may lack in advertisement. The Twin Cities boast a wide variety of things targeted specifically to the young adult crowd. With its specialized bars and restaurants, an exciting nightlife and Minneapolis’ reputation as the top city for biking in the United States, Minnesota certainly does not lack a place for the young to work and live. It seems that, with publicity, Minnesota has the opportunity to become very successful in terms of a large workforce.
There is a hole in our labor that needs to be filled, and it seems likely that it will soon become not only a place for Minnesotans to stay, but the promised land of some other state’s exodus.
Conlan Campbell ’18 (firstname.lastname@example.org) is from Burnsville, Minn. His major is undecided.
Graphic Credit: ERIN KNADLER/MANITOU MESSENGER
Traci Burch lectured in Viking Theatre on Monday, April 20, offering a perspective on the detrimental effects of mass incarceration in the United States.
Burch is an associate professor of political science at Northwestern University and a research professor for the American Bar Foundation. Her lecture, “Mass Imprisonment: Consequences for Society and Politics,” was sponsored by the political science student group Pi Sigma Alpha as well as the Institute for Freedom and Community. Given the prominence of police brutality as a topic in the news media, the groups selected Burch as the speaker to give the spring lecture for Pi Sigma Alpha.
Her lecture focused primarily not on police brutality itself, but rather on the way mass incarceration of young black men has been institutionalized into the criminal justice system in America. Burch’s research examined the ways in which the system is slanted toward certain groups and areas.
“It is both demographically and geographically concentrated,” she said. “As many of 10% of residents in disadvantaged communities are in prison at any given time.”
Burch illustrated that there are “communities that are prone to incidences of mass incarceration,” displaying maps with shading to represent black density (black people per square mile) superimposed over a map with prisoner density (prisoners per square mile). Her research showed that prisoner density can even be drastic within specific neighborhoods, showing that one area in Georgia had a prisoner density of 470 prisoners per square mile.
Olivia Slack ’15, member of the executive board of Pi Sigma Alpha, helped to organize the lecture and contact Burch. She described the data sets with the juxtaposed maps as visually jarring and discussed how it was a distinct and understandable way to see the connection rather than simply hearing about it. She praised Burch’s lecture, saying, “Her research is very clear and accessible by people that are not political science majors and people not knowledgeable on the topic.”
Following this, Burch enumerated the various consequences of mass imprisonment: crime, disease, difficulties with familial relationships and lack of political representation for the imprisoned. To highlight the effects beyond crime rate and incarceration, Burch discussed familial structure and the way children are adversely affected by this phenomenon as well as our political system.
“Individual offenders and their treatment are not the only factors that matter when we look at criminal justice policies,” Burch said. She argued that the problem within the criminal justice system is not merely police brutality, but rather it is an institutionalized issue.
Slack was also intrigued greatly by these detrimental effects.
“It’s a huge issue, and I especially was surprised by her point about how 20% of black men in Florida had been incarcerated,” she said. “If you’re a felon, you can’t vote, and that has huge political importance. If 20% of the black male population can’t vote, that’s voter suppression in a way. I don’t think people usually think of imprisonment as another form of voter suppression.”
Burch concluded her lecture by imploring students and faculty to consider the ways in which we might change the system to better the lives of people in disadvantaged communities by bettering conditions in and out of prison. Burch asked the audience, “Are there ways, for instance, that we might revise penal policies to decrease infectious disease within prisons?”
Additionally, she discussed simpler ways the system can be fought at a grassroots level by fostering things like stability in disadvantaged neighborhoods through creating friendships and trust within communities.
Overall, the lecture was received well through the St. Olaf community in both the political science community as well as the general student and faculty population. Slack described the reactions to Burch as typically positive and additive to the ongoing campus discussion of race and politics in the United States.
Three St. Olaf College students were honored by the Minnesota Academy of Science for their research achievements at the Winchell Undergraduate Research Symposium.
Kate Seybold ’15 received the Arthur N. Wilcox Award for Excellence in Ecology and Environmental Science, and the team of Dylan Leonard ’16 and Miles Smith ’16 received the Thomas B. Magath Award for Excellence in Cellular and Molecular Biology.
Five other students from St. Olaf — Nora Flynn ’15, Malika Jaiswal-Dale ’16, Sievhong Penn ’15, Emily Patterson ’15, and Lauren Roelike ’16 — also presented research at the symposium.
Seybold worked with St. Olaf Professor of Biology Kathleen Shea on a study of nitrogen fertilizer and nitrification inhibitors on soil nutrients, yield, and profit in southeastern Minnesota cornfields. The research evaluated two strategies for improving nitrogen management to reduce excess nitrogen use. Using four fertilizer rates and a nitrification inhibitor, Seybold determined that the effectiveness of the nitrification inhibitor varied depending on the fertilizer rate. “The most cost-effective strategy for improving nitrogen management was to apply less fertilizer,” she says.
Leonard and Smith, advised by St. Olaf Assistant Professor of Biology Lisa Bowers, examined if the presence of essential heavy metals in the growth media for Caulobacter crescentus, a bacterium, regulated the expression of three putative TonB dependent receptors. The results of the study contribute to understanding TonB-dependent receptors in C. crescentus and related human and animal pathogens.
The 28th Winchell Undergraduate Research Symposium was held in conjunction with the 82nd Annual Meeting of the Minnesota Academy of Science. At the symposium, students presented research on topics ranging from cellular and molecular biology to physics and computer science.
In addition to the presentations, students attended a keynote lecture on Building Cell Simulators by University of Minnesota Professor of Biomedical Engineering David Odde.
On Friday, April 24, students and faculty gathered to attend the 2nd annual Lit Crawl, getting drunk not off of alcohol, but off of their love for literature. The event, organized by St. Olaf English honors society Sigma Tau Delta with help from the English department, the Poetry House, the Race and Ethnic Studies Program and the St. Olaf Theater Appreciation Society was well attended and featured voices from all over campus.
The idea for the Lit Crawl came about last year in an effort to build a community in the English department and feature voices from students from all over campus. The Lit Crawl utilized the concept of a pub crawl at which the participants move from location to location with a different event happening at each station. The event was held in three parts, starting with a reading from professors, followed by an open mic and ending with a reading by award-winning Minneapolis author Ed Bok Lee.
This year, Sigma Tau Delta co-presidents Andrew Wilder ’15 and Madalyn Rose ’15 decided that they wanted to take the event further and incorporate new elements into the previous year’s event. They made changes that increased attendance, including bringing in pizza for the last station (attendance dwindled as the dinner hours approached last year) and bringing in an author from the Cities to do the final reading. This offered students a chance to hear from not only their professors, but also from outside authors that students don’t typically have the chance to witness.
The event began in Rolvaag Memorial Library, where students sat and listened to professors read from their favorite authors, with some professors even sharing works of their own. The works ranged from the abstract to the more lyrical, each bringing a different element to the room.
“I think the professors really enjoy this because it gives them a chance to share the literature that they love outside of a classroom setting,” Wilder said. “It’s a chance for them to organically bond over the common literature they all love.”
After the readings by professors, the event transitioned to the undercroft of Boe, where attendees could hear readings from students in a more informal setting. The space was quiet as each person stepped up, yet it transformed once they started speaking. The power and presence of their voices filled the room with each word uttered.
The students that participated came from multiple departments around St. Olaf. The open mic offered students who were not English majors the opportunity to feature their pieces and to meet other students and professors with similar interests.
The final event was held in the Lair. There, Ed Bok Lee read poems and pizza was provided. The incorporation of Lee, who is an exceptionally performative poet, gave students the opportunity to connect with an award-winning author and be inspired by the success he has achieved.
The event will continue annually in order to foster an environment where English majors and non-English majors can come together to appreciate a common love for literature. In future years, students hope to continue to bring in outside authors and keep the well-rounded spirit of the event to highlight students, professors and other working authors.
“I really enjoy having a mix of the classics, but also the contemporary stuff that’s being written here and now,” Wilder said. “Its kind of the idea that literature is alive. There is great literature that is being produced right now and right here at St. Olaf, and I think that’s something to celebrate.”
Photo Credit: ANDREW WILDER/MANITOU MESSENGER
The Carleton College varsity football team strives for balance in academics, athletics, and social involvement. For the fourth consecutive year, the Knights football squad organized and volunteered for the local Meals on Wheels program by taking time out of their day to deliver meals to Northfield community members.
The Carleton College varsity football team strives for balance in academics, athletics, and social involvment. For the third consecutive year, the Knights football squad organized and volunteered for the local Meals on Wheels program by taking time out of their day to deliver meals to Northfield community members.
On April 23rd, St. Olaf was honored to host Nelly Trocme-Hewett and Francelyn Lurie, two individuals who lived and experienced firsthand the German occupation of France, along with the horrors of the Holocaust. Their stories are told in A Good Place to Hide, a book by Peter Grose that focuses on their memories of the war.
Trocme-Hewett, who was a Protestant teen living in the rural village of Le Chambon-sur-Lignon at the time, had parents who worked with the French Resistance in order to house Jewish refugees from all over France and other parts of Europe. In fact, the village in which Nelly grew up had been a safe haven for refugees ever since the Huguenots were persecuted by the Catholic Church, starting in the 16th century. As a teen, Trocme-Hewett never truly understood what was actually going on, because all information that was being sent in and out of the village could cost those working with the French Resistance their lives, including Nelly’s father. In fact, her father was arrested by French police being used by the German military, and was told to sign support for the Vichy Government or face possible arrest again. Her father was eventually released, but it was a close call. He later found out that the day after his release, the entire prison population was deported, never to be seen again. Trocme-Hewett claimed that she was never aware just how bad the situation was, considering that severe lack of food and other supplies that many individuals take for granted
“I never realized we were poorly fed,” she said. She also emphasized the important role that young people must play in times of strife and struggle.
“We are not progressing (in terms of peace and suffering). Moments of goodness are important. The role of young people is very important, for you decide what philosophy shall be continued,” she said.
When asked how she managed to remain strong throughout the war, Nelly simply said, “I lived by my value. This is part of my Christian philosophy.”
Unlike Trocme-Hewett, Francelyn Lurie lived through the war as a member of the Jewish faith, as was her entire family. Francelyn remembers her childhood as “wonderful,” until the Germans came to Paris. When World War II broke out, Lurie’s family was forced to flee their home not only because they were Jewish, but also because Francelyn’s maternal grandfather happened to have been a French spy during World War I, raising the fear that the Germans would come looking for him and his family. Her grandfather eventually escaped with her grandmother through Portugal, actually taking the final ship out of the country. She and the rest of her family fled to a small village in Vichy France and lived in an abandoned house and were supported by the local townspeople who risked their own lives to help others. Lurie stated that there was little to no food and water, “otherwise it was wonderful.” She and her family would often travel to the village of Le Chambon-sur-Lignon, the same village where Trocme-Hewett lived at the time, but the two never met one another. It was during one of these stays that Francelyn found out that her father had been tortured and killed after he was caught sabotaging a train bound for Germany.
Lurie’s father was honored by France after the war and is a hero to the country and his family. One of her happiest memories from the war was when she and her siblings were walking along the road, shortly after her sister had heard that the war was over on the radio. As they were walking, they heard tanks coming up the road and immediately hid in the ditch. She remembers how much she and her sister were shaking, thinking that the Germans had sent out false messages to trick Jews into coming out of their hiding places. Much to their surprise, when the tanks approached, they were throwing out Hershey’s candy bars and chewing gum; the Americans had arrived.
Lurie’s mother was also honored after the war due to her efforts in the resistance, and ended up becoming the headmistress of five orphanages. Lurie eventually settled in America and married a man from Minneapolis.
It is important to remember these stories, especially since there are increasingly few people who lived through that time. We might be the last generation able to hear the life stories of many of those who suffered through the hardship and strife of World War II, and it is essential that we preserve whatever memories we can before it is too late.
Photo Credit: ANDREW WILDER/MANITOU MESSENGER
An increase in productivity in the workplace may be positively correlated with the abuse of the stimulant Adderall. While high school and college students have long abused this drug to help them focus on their schoolwork, a recent New York Times article detailed an increase in adults abusing the drug in the workplace to increase productivity.
This article revealed that in interviews, dozens of people from a wide spectrum of professions said they and co-workers misused stimulants like Adderall, Vyvanse and Concerta to improve work performance. More and more adults have been faking Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) symptoms to obtain prescriptions to stimulants. Most spoke on the condition of anonymity for fear of losing their jobs or access to the medication.
Addiction to unprescribed stimulants has become common in students, but has previously been rare in adults. Dr. Kimberly Dennis, the medical director of Timberline Knolls, a substance-abuse treatment facility for women outside Chicago, said, “We are definitely seeing more than one year ago, more than two years ago, especially in the age range of 25 to 45.”
This trend is not just found in the public workplace. Some stay-at-home mothers admit to taking Adderall. Lisa Dawes, a stay-at-home mother from Indiana, calls the pill “like mommy crack.” She admits to have taken the pill regularly over the course of three years. This expands the type of adults abusing these stimulants and adds another layer of complexity to this abuse: it not only encompasses working adults motivated to perform efficiently, but also individuals struggling to maintain a stable home life.
It is not enough that we live in an overworked and sleep-deprived nation, but now it has gotten to the point where people are so desperate to succeed that working hard is simply not enough. In a way, taking Adderall makes sense. If you don’t use it, someone else will take it and they will be more productive than you and stand out more. They will be up for promotion and will eventually climb the corporate ladder until one day, they are your boss. Your superiors either won’t care or they won’t notice that one of you was only more productive due to the use of stimulant that provided an unfair advantage. All they care about is the end result and the final product.
The ideas of working and having a career have become twisted. We have developed into a powerful nation with a fantastic workforce behind it. But it is not worth it if the workplace becomes a place where doing one’s best is simply not enough. The problem does not lie directly with the misuse of the drug. If people are feeling as if the only way for them to succeed is by taking drugs to complete more work than their colleagues, then something is wrong with the message, not the person.
Elizabeth, a Long Island native in her late 20s, said that not to take Adderall while competitors did would be like playing tennis with a wood racket. In a way, the use of Adderall in the workplace is much like an athlete’s use of amphetamines, which enhance athletes’ abilities and make them stronger. Steroids make athletes perform better, though with negative side effects and consequences if caught by their sport’s regulations committee. Members of a workplace should not have to feel so desperate to be so productive that the only way they can accomplish such a goal is by taking Adderall or other stimulants.
In some industries, the use of stimulants has been banned due to “reasons of safety and fairness.” According to the Federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, there is an increase in emergency room visits due to the misuse of prescription stimulants.
The message that society is sending out to the younger generation is this: you will never be good enough. You must become a better version of yourself (preferably with stimulants) in order to succeed. It won’t matter that you will have some nasty side effects or that you will be breaking the company’s rules as long as it gets you ahead.
Is this really the message we want to send?
Devon Brichetto ’18 (email@example.com) is from Grand Rapids, Mich. She majors in biology.
The Carleton College baseball team closed the 2015 campaign with an 8-3 victory at Northland (Wis.) College. The Knights collected 13 hits—all singles—and got a stellar performance from the bullpen to secure the win and finish the year on a three-game win streak.
In the past three semesters, I have produced food waste a total of five times in the Caf. In that total, I am not including when I have tossed peels, rinds and used napkins because they are nearly inedible. I have and will argue to the bitter end that such technicalities do not account as food waste in any meaningful way.
Wasting clearly edible food by virtue of one’s eyes being larger than one’s stomach, however, is a subject on which I silently fume, and is the basis of my sentiments today.
My reasons for being angry over food waste are not new. We are lucky to be living in the abundance of St. Olaf College, and that should not be taken for granted.
Soon, my class, the class of 2015, will graduate and realize more fully the struggles off the Hill, perhaps one of which is how 14.3 percent of U.S. citizens are food insecure. Our ample choice and access to nutritious food is a blessing that many do not possess.
Thankfully, St. Olaf composts 100 percent of its food waste and uses it in many ways on campus. Yet, this is an energy intensive process, and the required resources are better suited elsewhere. Continued food waste compounds into an unnecessary demand that, although dealt with sustainably at St. Olaf, still requires our action and energy.
Most likely, Oles are aware of these reasons. Yet, it is difficult to enact a change on a large scale. Altering our food waste is a collective problem, and a small amount of uneaten food by any single individual a few times per week does not make an appreciable dent in the 175 tons of wasted food composted by St. Olaf every year. It is also easy to grab too much with our buffet-style eating, to receive too much from an apathetic Caf worker or to dislike what appeared, at first, intriguing to our eyes. Yet, I would argue, it is not hard to combat these pitfalls.
You can ask for specific amounts to ensure you do not get too much at any line, nor from the server. I consistently ask for a scoop-and-a-half of eggs at breakfast, and its specificity gives an amount generally consistent with my appetite. In addition, if a new food appears delicious, ask for a small amount so as not to feel the need to choke it down later if you indeed dislike it.
These suggestions are clearly not exhausting, and there are surely better solutions for change waiting to be discovered or implemented. Possible solutions are not within my area of expertise, but they are my concern. Until we develop new ways to reduce food waste, perhaps the best method of prevention comes from a reminder such as this.
St. Olaf College student Mari McClelland ‘16 has been named a Udall Scholar for 2015–16, and student Kalyn Dorheim ‘16 earned an honorable mention.
Udall scholarships are awarded to students who have demonstrated leadership, public service, and a commitment to careers related to the environment, American Indian health care, or tribal public policy. This year 50 students from 43 colleges and universities across the United States received the award.
McClelland has the opportunity to travel to Tucson, Arizona, in early August to receive her award and meet policymakers and community leaders in environmental fields, tribal health care, and governance. Both Dorheim and McClelland will have access to the Udall alumni network.
McClelland is an environmental studies and Asian studies major and president of the St. Olaf environmental studies honor house. Last summer she completed a National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) program in Guangzhou, China, that focused on the biological and chemical remediation of e-waste recycling byproducts.
“A ton of my learning has come from great experiences I’ve had living, working, and studying in East Asia,” says McClelland. “I took a gap year as an exchange student in Taichung, Taiwan, had the REU opportunity in Guangzhou, and studied abroad this Interim in the St. Olaf course Environmental Sustainability in Japan.”
This summer McClelland will participate in a Collaborative Undergraduate Research and Inquiry program at St. Olaf. Under the supervision of Assistant Professor of Economics Seth Binder, McClelland and Udeepta Chakravarty ‘17 will research Earth’s human carrying capacity.
McClelland also writes for the Manitou Messenger and dances with the St. Olaf swing club, and last September she participated in the People’s Climate March in New York City. She plans to pursue a graduate degree in environmental economics and/or policy.
Dorheim is a biology and environmental studies major and a member of the St. Olaf women’s swim team. She also volunteers with Supporting Special Needs, a club that collaborates with the Laura Baker House in Northfield and raises awareness for people with special needs. Dorheim plans to become an environmental educator.
Empty wine bottles are hidden among books in Rolvaag, beer cans hang from trees outside Kildahl and glass evidence of a weekend spent drinking is piled high in dorm recycling bins. What looks a bit like a senior art project is actually a protest by a group of St. Olaf students who call themselves the AlcohOLES.
The AlcohOLES are requesting that the Board of Regents revisit St. Olaf’s dry campus policy. Flyers that the group has spread around campus note a few of the hypocrisies and harmful aspects of the current alcohol policy. They argue that the dry campus policy fosters an unhealthy drinking culture, one in which students turn to binge drinking behind closed doors and avoid seeking necessary medical help in fear of punishment. The AlcohOLES urge the Board of Regents to recognize that drinking occurs, and will occur, on campus regardless of the policies in place.
The group encourages students to show their support for the movement by photographing empty alcohol containers that they’ve placed publically around campus and sending them to the AlcohOLE email, firstname.lastname@example.org. The photos are then posted to a Tumblr page, alcoholesunite.tumblr.com.
After some initial buzz on YikYak, the group has slowly and quietly been gaining momentum. Jack Williams ’16 supports the idea behind the movement, but was a little confused about the group’s original motives.
“I thought that they laid out a lot of good points, but they also sort of framed it in such a way that it seemed kind of like a joke,” Williams said. “I get some of the moves they made were probably very purposeful, like for example ‘alcohole666’ e-mail alias. I’m sure it was part joke, part commentary on the demonization of alcohol on this campus, but I think that by doing elements like that, they made it kind of unclear whether their purpose was to bring a serious case up in front of the Board of Regents.”
The AlcohOLES have been responsive to the feedback from students. They are dedicated to making sure that the movement is representative of the whole campus.
“We don’t want this protest to be about our own opinions – we want it to represent everyone’s,” the AlcohOLES said. “Ideally, a reconstructed alcohol policy will take into account the students that don’t drink, the students that drink responsibly and the students that struggle with substance abuse and need better support from the administration.”
At this point the AlcohOLES have not received any response from the St. Olaf administration, the Board of Regents, or the Student Government Association.
“It does not surprise us that these authorities have still remained silent. We simply wish that silence be broken. We simply wish for those who have the well-being of St. Olaf students in their hands to actually question what is best for our well-being,” the AlcohOLES said.
Despite the lack of official recognition, the AlcohOLES have seen discussion of campus alcohol policy begin to form. Social media platforms including Facebook and YikYak have fostered new conversations. The campus sketch comedy show “In Black” satirically addressed the policy in their recent performances, and there is also a petition against the current policy on change.org.
The conversation began by the AlcohOLES is one that St. Olaf students have been wanting to have for a long time. Sara Albertson ’18 said that she would definitely support an open discussion about St. Olaf’s dry campus policy.
“It’s inevitable for any college campus to have drinking on it… it’s something that the United States deals with as a whole,” Albertson said. “The [St Olaf] drinking policy, I believe, makes students overdrink, because they have to pregame in their rooms or somewhere private before they go into a public spot. And usually, when students go out they don’t go back to their rooms until later, so they consume more alcohol than they would if they could bring a beer with them to a football game, because they want to make it last.”
Naomi Chalk ’18 agrees.
“I think the only people affected by [dry campus policy] are the people that are over 21. People that are under 21 are going to smuggle in alcohol no matter if the campus is dry or wet,” Chalk said. “I don’t really care, personally, because I’m not a huge partier, but I think the fact that St. Olaf is a dry campus makes people a lot riskier with their alcohol consumption.”
While debate over the issue persists, the AlcohOLES will continue their attempt to stimulate the conversation. It is well understood by the group and students on campus that similar movements have been unsuccessful in the past, but the AlcohOLES are committed to keeping the discussion current.
“There are many of us – a huge majority, we’d reckon – who have kept our mouths shut for years because we don’t think that anything we actually do will constitute a move towards change,” the AlcohOLES said. “If we can convince even one of those people that it is worth it to express our thoughts and that, for the sake of our own health and the health of our friends we share this community with, we are required to do so, then the AlcohOLES are one step closer in our goal.”
Graphic Credit: ERIN KNADLER/MANITOU MESSENGER
Writer Emily Rapp ’96 returned to the Hill on Monday, April 20 to speak and read a selection of her work to a room packed with eager students and faculty. After graduating from St. Olaf, Rapp worked abroad in Korea, Switzerland and Thailand before entering Harvard Divinity School. She then went on to receive her M.F.A in Creative Writing from the University of Texas at Austin. Rapp is currently a professor of creative writing and literature at the Santa Fe University of Art & Design.
Professor of English Diana Postlethwaite introduced Rapp, describing some of her St. Olaf connections as well as some of her achievements – including completing the Great Conversation program, studying abroad in Ireland, working in North Korea as a Fulbright Scholar, publishing two memoirs and a multitude of articles and essays and, currently, raising her 13-month old daughter.
“Her most formative journeys are not to Dublin, Manitou Heights or Korea, but to places none of us have ever probably been. . . places we might prefer not to go.” Postlethwaite said.
Indeed, Rapp faced many challenges, but she used her experiences to learn and grow into the talented writer and woman she is today. Rapp radiated humility, liveliness and good humor. In fact, Rapp struggled for a minute to work the clip-on microphone, before ditching it and wondering aloud why on earth Popular Mechanics was allowing her to write an article for the magazine. The audience laughed, and the atmosphere of the room immediately felt relaxed and inclusive of all in attendance.
Rapp’s career focused mainly on personal narrative. Her first memoir, Poster Child, described being born with a congenital defect that caused her to have one leg amputated, and living with the effects of that; she attributes much of her humor to growing up like she did.
“It’s a coming of age story,” Rapp said.
Her second memoir, Still Point of the Turning World, relays the heartbreaking account of her son, Ronan, being born with Tay-Sachs disease. The New York Times described it as “a brilliant study in the wages of mortal love.”
Rapp chose to read from her newest piece, a short essay collection called Cartography for Mourners. She first described how she was always getting lost and hated maps, which inspired her to use them to tie together some of her personal experiences.
“I even got lost in Northfield today,” Rapp said.
“Cartography for Mourners” was an honest, if not cynical, piece that included many poignant personal memories, including being told things like “It sure is a good thing you’re smart,” and “you’re made wrong,” regarding her amputated leg. Some of the stories centered around losing her son, Ronan, to Tay Sach’s disease, others around her grandmother’s funeral or her travels abroad. All the short essays conveyed a sense of being lost; listeners followed along her turbulent journey, sometimes feeling disoriented themselves. Rapp ended by saying, “I’m happy I don’t have a map.”
In the question and answer session that followed her reading, Rapp described lessons from her personal and professional life, which applied both to the students and the faculty members in attendance. When asked if she recommended an English major for aspiring writers, Rapp said, “It’s not worth it to get a degree in something when you’re not passionate about it.”
Rapp herself was a religion and women’s studies major at St. Olaf, but has always expressed herself using writing.
“We all have those childhood experiences – those stories from our past to call on,” Rapp said. Writing is an obvious career choice for Rapp, and she was incredibly humble in describing what she does.
“Anyone can write a memoir,” she said. “It’s basically like a novel. It’s writing about how a person changes.”
However, the difficult reality of the writing and publishing process did not go overlooked by Rapp. She described rewriting the same section of her first memoir 55 times until her editor accepted it. Rapp also described the joys of her job.
“The best part of being a writer is the community,” she said. “I just really like my people. It’s kind of like college, only spread out.”
The memoir genre includes works from a diverse range of writers and people, as Rapp described. The recent “memoir boom” has inspired an increase in life narratives focused around contemporary cultural issues. These topics can include anything from addiction to disability to celebrity to sexuality. Unlike autobiographies, memoirs center around specific themes or aspects of the author’s life.
Despite overwhelming responses to her writing, Rapp refuses to read any reviews of her work. She said she sometimes gets nasty letters or hears about glowing reviews of her books, but she ignores both. Rapp said that choosing not to care was the best decision she ever made, and she recommended to aspiring writers to consider doing the same.
Rapp provided some final advice for students sitting where she sat 20 years ago. Rapp’s comments demonstrated the fierce individuality and independence that she has developed over her life and career.
“You don’t have to go to every party,” she said. “Do your own thing.”